A philanthropist by nature,a avid writer by character and blogger by condition

The census 2011-2013

The production and area under production in dachinipora zone for the years 2011-2013 is as under
———————————————————————————————————————-
Production. 2011-13
Block. Dry fruit MT Fresh ft MT
——————————————————-
– Year. Year. Year. Year
——————————————————– Block 012. 013. 012. 013
———————————————————
Bijbehara. 937 1629 14696 43388
Dachpr 1474 7087 20713 22463
Sallar. 1338. 4540 9724 10385
———————————————————-
Area under production 2011-13
————————————————–
Block Year. Year. Year. Year
—————————————————-
012. 013. 012. 013
——————————————————-
Bijbehara. 625 625 1837 1845
Dachpr 982_1089 2589 2520
Sallar. 892- 854 1212-1202
—————————————————–
___________________________________
The data has been compiled by the Chief Horticulture officer,Anantnag as per the request of Assistant grading and marketing officer,Horticulture planning and marketing, J&K government, Dachinipora Zone,Anantnag.
We have calculated 12944 MT of fresh fruit which comes out 12944000 Kg s and when we turn them into quintals we get the end result of 129440 quintals of dry fruit after excluding minor #uantity of 312 MT of almond.
Now if we configure them into shelled and kernels we get 32360 quintals of walnut shells (25%) and leave behind 75% which is to be converted into kernels from 97080 quintals of walnut.

From 97080 quintals of walnut we get 3883200 kgs of kernells and when converted into quintals we are left with 38832 quintals of Kernels.

So for 2013 we have 32360 quintals of walnuts and 38832 quintals of kernels.
Khan Mukhtar

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Jammu and Kashmir state with rich source of agriculture has all along been the source of resources for employment and other ways of livelihood for the populace.

But of late the conversion of agriculture land into something which is not related with this activity has created lot of problems.

When we draw a portrate of agriculture in Jammu and Kashmir we get a dismal presentation and picture is gloomy.

Th economy of the state is largely agrarian with 70% of population defendant on it and about 49% of the working population engaged in it.

The food grain production of India during the year 2010-2011 is 24156 thousand tones while it is only 137.15 thousand tones for J&K reflecting a low share of .06 per cent. Here demand is high and locals have to depend on imports which comes about Rs 1600 crores to fill the deficit gape of 5 lakh metric tones.

The net irrigated area during the year 1981-82 was 3.04 lakh hecters and it went upto 3.71 lakh hecters in 2008-09 reflecting marginal increase during the last 3 decades.

The state fails to qualify for national food security mission(NFSM).

One more field which is showing some promising results is horticulture which accounts only for 13% of the net sqwn area but contributes 45% of the states agriculture GDP. Six lakh families comprising of 30 lakh people are directly or indirectly involved in horticulture.

The rich source of income can be obtained by way of foreign exchange the state has earned by way of exports to different parts of the country.
During the year 2005-06 the quantity of fruits exports was estimated at 5552.45 Mts with foreign exchange of Rs 115.95 crores while during the year 2010-11 the quantity of fruit exported is estimated to be 9615.55 and foreign exchange earned as Rs. 208.4 croes .

During the year 2004-05 the. Percentage change over the year 2010-11 reveals that there was increase of about 73% on account of quantity exported and about 80% increase in terms of foreign exchange.

The total production of apple in India is estimated at 2891 thousand Mts which comprises 1852.41 thousand Mts from J&K reflecting a major share of about 64%.

Further in the state the percentage change for the year 2010-11 over the year 2004-05 reveals that there has been significant change of about 37% in terms of area and 65% change in respect to production however the productivity has only an increase of 17% during this period.

France leads the table with an average productivity of about 43mt/ha followed by Italy with 38mt/ha brazil 33mt/ha USA wit 33mt/ha. The average productivity of apple in world has been estimated at about 15mt/ha however the average productivity of apple in J&K continues to be a great concern with about 10mt/ha.

The Kashmiri saffron is one more casualty in Kashmir because it got a step motherly treatment from the corridors of power and cultivated land got diversified into highways and residential colonies..

The saffron being the costliest spice of the world but in Kashmir it has got a special status as it is attached with the very ethos of the people.

The percentage change for the year 2009 over 1097 is terrible and shocking.
The data available from the state financial commissioner,srinagar reveals that the area has gone down to 31% while the production level has reduced to 47% and even productivity has declined to about 23% during this period.
The contribution of saffron in terms of gross state domestic product(GSDP) during the year 2004-05 was recorded at .025% while it is 0.013% for the year 2009-10 indicating its gradual slump.

Spain has the highest productivity levels of more than 8 kg/hectare followed by Italy with 7.5 kg/hectare while it is only 2.15 kg/hectare in our state(acta horti-739,2007)while as in Iran we have 4 kg/hectare of production. Against the world productivity of almost 4.80 kg/hectare our productivity level stands only half of it.

The apex organization in state like SKUAST(K) and central institute of temperate horticulture(CITH) have made commendable job through research development however there is a vast scope for further improvement to increase the production and productivity trends particularly in case of Apple and safron.

Strong measure need to be taken for further exploration of high yielding varieties,production of high quality planting material,canopy management,high density plantation,rejuvination technology and water harvesting. RKVY can change the very fate of agriculture scenario provided strong research and extension efforts are required.

Equal emphases needs to be given to crop husbandry as food security and diversification are indispensable in nature. Technologies developed through front line demonstration(FLDs) and on farm-trails(OFTs) needs to be disseminated through main extension system for the benefit of farmers at large to change the outlook of the farming community from traditional agriculture to diversified agriculture.

We need to undertake a pack of steps that can change it for better.

Khan Mukhtar
Maribmariya@gmail.com

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kashmir The story of control.

The Kashmir,s torture trail,a documentary on Kashmir by the acclaimed BAFTA- winning film maker Mr Jezza Neumann was recently aired on channel 4 in the UK.

The hard hitting documentary follows a human rights lawyer probing how protesters were driven off the streets and peace imposed in one of the most heavily militarised places on earth.

The documentary highlighted the systematic human rights abuses in Kashmir. Uncovering a state-sanctioned torture program that has set India on a collision course with the international community.

The film exposes and maps a network of government run torture centers through which as the documentary says, as many as one in three Kashmiris have been hauled.

Filming as undercover in the valley is the reason as why Kashmir has remained one of the most under-reported conflicts on earth and there has always been attempts by a section of mainstream India media to discredit and sabotage any step in this direction to reach the voice of Kashmir to outside the world forums.

During the last 60 years whatever has happened in Kashmir has never been allowed to travel outside the valley lest the true face of Indian democracy may be seen by the outside inhabitants.

The voice the miserable conditions and the fate of inhabitants have always remained a mystery for all living outside as notion has always been created that everything is normal in Kashmir.

The unmarked graves the mysterious disappearances of innocent youths and the draconian laws have made the life of Kashmir a hell and whoever tried to raise voice is labeled as terrorist and killed in fake encounters.

The Indian security system has taken every inhuman steps to crush the voice of miserable people under the guise of law and order problems.
They can pickup anybody and keep him in confinement without trial under AFSPA(Armed forces special power act) for years together.

There are instances if illegal confinements throughout length and breadth of the state and fake encounters have became a routine matter.

The fake encounters have now turned into a industry because security forces use it as a tool to get promotions and monetary benefits from the government of India under the mission : fight against terrorism;.

Skies are watching and time will come when pot will get full up to brim by the tears of innocent Kashmiris and heavens will ultimately come to our rescue as we have none elsewhere to protect.

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The jaleel Andrabi Case

During the year 1996 human rights activist and a member of amnesty international was picked up by the Rashtriya rifles regiment under the command of Major Avtar but his body was found floating in the jhelum river a few days later after his arrest.

The main person responsible was non other than Major Avtar singh and it was even established by the local police.

The major in connivance with home ministry of India disappeared from Kashmir and was smuggled out of country to avoid rule of law.

The innocent soul of Jaleel Andrabi was bruised just few days later when he had returned from Geneva where he had addressed a UN session about human rights violations by India in Kashmir.

On the evening of March 8, 1996 Andrabi was driving home with his wife when he was stopped and taken away by army personnel who were apparently waiting for him.

Twenty days later police asked Andrabi,s younger brother to identify a body recovered from a jute sack in the jhelum river.. It was Andrabi, his hands tied behind his back,his eyes gouged out.

The special investigation team formed to investigate the case_ at the order of high court in Kashmir reported that everything pointed to Major Avtar singh of 25 Rashtriya Rifles unit as the person who had committed the murder. It was also found that in order to eliminate the trail,singh had murdered four Kashmiri counter insurgents who had witnessed the killing.

The home ministry and external affairs ministry played a active role to save singh just to avoid setting a precedent for Indian soldier accused of human rights violations to appear before the law.

There was inter pol alert for singh but he was never deported from the hiding- Selma ,California, USA.

The story to catch singh alive failed as on Saturday,9th,June 2012, the killer of Andrabi got killed his family of 4 including his wife and at the end of the bloody game killed himself. End of a Murderer.

Justice is still alluding an as the family members of Andrabi have an firm belief that Singh was not alone involved but the other people who master minded it are roaming free.

The Americans are pestering other countries to deport the people who have committed crimes back home but Safe passage of Avtar Singh in American speaks duel policy. He has been living a decent life and carrying his trucking business under the watchful eyes of over active American law enforcing agencies who catch anybody having Khan as surname.

It means that Americans were doing it to appease India who had smuggled him into American safe heavens after committing crimes in neglected land of Kashmir.

Let us wait for the real justice.

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BacktoVillage – Governance at the Doorstep

In a first of its kind, the Government of Jammu and Kashmir has embarked on an ambitious and extensive programme of reaching out to the people at the grassroots level to create in the rural masses an earnest desire for decent standard of living. The ‘Back to Village’ programme is aimed to involve the people of the state and government officials in a joint effort to deliver the mission of equitable development. The programme is aimed at energizing Panchayats and directing development efforts in rural areas through community participation. 

As part of this programme, civil servants will have to reach out to each Panchayat of the State, where they will stay for a specific period to interact and obtain feedback from the grassroots so as to tailor government efforts in improving delivery of village-specific services. The ‘Back to Village’ programme has been conceived with the objective of ensuring that developmental initiatives are built on the feedback and cooperation of the people, thus being more result oriented with greater probability of success than those which are top down. 

The programme revolves around the concept that while the official machinery has to guide and assist, the primary responsibility to improve local conditions rests with the people themselves. Therefore, they must be encouraged to own a programme so that benefits are maximized. The life of a person living in a rural area is not cut into segments in the way the Government activities are prone to be. The approach at the village level, therefore, has to be a coordinated, touching all aspects of village life. Such an approach has to be made, not through a multiplicity of departmental officials, but through Panchayats. 

The essence of the ‘Back to Village’ programme is to emphasize the importance of ensuring, right from the beginning, people’s participation, not merely as an agent in the execution of the development works but as owners of the entire programme

Back to Village ,The kind of enthusiasm people are showing makes the show a towering success.
In In past also several such programmes were held especially around year 2006 – 2007 when Ghulam Nabi Azad the then CM had directed DCs and District officers to hold public durbars at tehsil level every month. The officers through a Government order were directed to make a night halt at the tehsil headquarter, but that programme didn’t succeed at all.

When I was   posted as visiting officer  for Hapatnard B in Kohoveripora by district administration for back to village programme ,I was at the threshold of catching the opportunity to visit villages to hear stories of villagers.

I initially thought my visit to this  village would be a futile exercise as i  was neither from any administrative background nor  had enough experience about issues related to rural development but the way programme was conceived and conceptualized by district administration,my inhibitions started falling down with passing of minutes and hours during such innovative outreach.

But after participating in the informal session meant for prominent citizens in the local established office, I developed interest in this whole exercise.

As a matter of fact I  as a ordinary citizen was   not very well versed with village governance, politics and rural development schemes but seeing the semblance the way villagers put in their demands I developed interest.

The best thing I observed in the morning 1 st day meeting was better participation of local women, Anganwadi workers and Asha workers and other frontline government organizations.

Evening interaction in two day Back to Village programme had been conceived in a very good fashion. I must congratulate the officers who have devised the programme by creating an activity chart for the Visiting Officer .

This is helping the officer to reach out and discuss all the issues pertaining to village development without wasting any time. As per the schedule the visiting officer along with his supporting staff were supposed to hold an informal Evening Interaction with respected citizens and elders of the area.

People who had not been so vocal in past also raised their voice and put forward various demands before us .

Mini Parliament  type of working on Day 2 nd of Back to Village progarmme began with Deh Majlis ( Gram Sabha) on June 25 th.

The meeting started at sharp 8 am and many people had assembled at 7: 30 am only.

When the official from Rural Development Department ( RDD) read out the village plan prepared earlier, the participants raised some issues which were heard and their concern addressed. They raised few points that that plan was not discused and was not prepared in consultation with people ( Gram Sabha).

I suggested for creating a whatsapp group so that in future people are intimated about Gram Sabha through group messaging as and when gram sabha are conducted.This suggestion was appreciated by everyone. There was indeed some  exchange of  words in this Mini Parliament , but it was a practical illustration of participatory governance and rights of people which they hardly utilize.

This actually if not addressed at initial stage can compromise the basic issue in schemes like NREGA & PMAY.

If people start believing  that Back to Village programme will ensure huge funding and execution of mega developmental works in villages in one go,I must tell them humbly that this won’t happen.

Visiting Officers are given a long wish list by people which has a financial implication of at least Rs 50 Lacs in each village.

In J& K we have around 4500 village panchayats. Can Government afford to allocate Rs 2250.Crores or more to these villages ?
The participation in this programme is actually meant to ensure better governance and transparency plus creating a village social audit . This is what is need of the hour.

The kind of enthusiasm people are showing in Back to Village programme must be capitalized.

This can only happen when the campaign will continue even after June 27 th . I would suggest such meetings in village be held once in every month

   


BacktoVillage – Governance at the Doorstep
In a first of its kind, the Government of Jammu and Kashmir has embarked on an ambitious and extensive programme of reaching out to the people at the grassroots level to create in the rural masses an earnest desire for decent standard of living. The ‘Back to Village’ programme is aimed to involve the people of the state and government officials in a joint effort to deliver the mission of equitable development. The programme is aimed at energizing Panchayats and directing development efforts in rural areas through community participation.

As part of this programme, civil servants will have to reach out to each Panchayat of the State, where they will stay for a specific period to interact and obtain feedback from the grassroots so as to government efforts in improving delivery of village-specific services. The ‘Back to Village’ programme has been conceived with the objective of ensuring that developmental initiatives are built on the feedback and cooperation of the people, thus being more result oriented with greater probability of success than those which are top down.

The programme revolves around the concept that while the official machinery has to guide and assist, the primary responsibility to improve local conditions rests with the people themselves. Therefore, they must be encouraged to own a programme so that benefits are maximized. The life of a person living in a rural area is not cut into segments in the way the Government activities are prone to be. The approach at the village level, therefore, has to be a coordinated, touching all aspects of village life. Such an approach has to be made, not through a multiplicity of departmental officials, but through Panchayats.

The essence of the ‘Back to Village’ programme is to emphasize the importance of ensuring, right from the beginning, people’s participation, not merely as an agent in the execution of the development works but as owners of the entire programme.

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Indian politics

Dear #BJP voters; onus now lie on you if same anti Muslims steps will be taken by the govt you voted back to power,

sword will also hang on your neck when again Kashmiri students studying outside will be targeted by the followers of regime to whom you gave another chance to play communal card,

the Rasana  case of #Kathua will get repeated by same people at other places as they are  patronized by same party to whom you again voted to power,

sentiments of Kashmiries will again and again get hurt because their agenda is abrogation of article 370,to allow their vigilantes to set settled here and neutralise our majority status ,

you will always be cursed for the selection of this hate party as our
Moment on national highway as usual will get curtailed time and again which becomes reason of death of patients on roads,students miss their exams and what not,

Your selection of this party will again and again get  raised when innocent people of Kashmir are taken hostage for hours together and inmates humiliated,

you awe an explanation to the nation as why did you elected people who have criminal records(Pragiya,Shah)to parliament and how can people expect that democracy will flourish under the nose of such law makers.

Symbiosis admission

Time has changed so had situations in Education.

During our time getting admissions in under graduate courses was not a issue but before results were out,we were already enrolled in under graduate colleges / schools.

But today it is a situation where you have to fill online forms and stand in ques or in front of computers to complete the process.

Now either our standards have improved, competitions have cropped up or we can say every seat of admission is squeezed which had made admissions competitive in nature.

Today first you apply online for a admission ( SET 2019) for BSc.Economics, pay a fees .And we being residents of lesser God,s,don’t have even centres in Kashmir to write your papers,you have to travel to Jammu to write paper for admission in undergraduate admission.

So when you travel to other parts of your residence and write paper,you have to wait till merit list is out.

So when merit list is out,if you are shortlisted,you have to proceed to Pune or Delhi to further test your capacity for a simple undergraduate course by appearing in PIMAT.

( PERSONAL INTERVIEW MENTAL ABILITY TEST). So again a discomfort feature but people follow it because every parent try to reach skies to see their children get best education.

May be this is a boom reason of excellence in educational set up so that in spite of pole of talent tests  are conducted to select and couch the best available human resource.

After clearing PIMAT,you may be allowed to get admission in your dream college.

Anyway time changes so change the circumstances,one who keeps pace may derive the result of success.

Wish success to all who  are appearing in PIMAT from 26/05 to 31/05 at Pune and Noida to get admissions a green signal.

Garmin Haat

The Centre has identified 1,878 rural haats for modernisation and development of infrastructure through MGNREGA till March 2019 under Gramin Agriculture Markets (GrAM) programme in the first phase.

 

In total, infrastructure in around 22,000 rural haats is to be upgraded and modernised with a corpus of almost Rs 20 billion spread over 2-3 years.

 

Of this in the first phase, Centre has identified around 1,878 rural haats, which includes, the maximum around 564 haats in Andhra Pradesh, followed by 188 in Gujarat, 186 in Rajasthan, 182 in Tamil Nadu and 176 in Telangana. A key feature of these haats will be that they will have to be placed outside the ambit of Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee (APMC) acts to get the Central grant.

 

With the grant, the existing rural haats would get facilities like proper trading platforms, toilets for men and women, parking facilities for trucks and vehicles, loading and unloading facilities, small storage, office blocks etc.

 

In together so far, proposals sent by 18 states have been cleared for developing these rural haats.

 

Officials said out of the initial budget allocation of around Rs 20 billion for 2018-19, each identified medium to big sized village haat is expected to get around Rs 1.6-1.7 million, which can go up as and when the corpus expands.

 

The 1,878 haats which got the nod in the first phase were selected out of a list of 4,000-5,000 haats sent by the state and was vetted by the ministry of agriculture and its Directorate of Market Intelligence (DMI).

 

The remaining were rejected as in many cases they were for setting up on new haats, while the 2019-20 budget proposal clearly mentioned that fund allocated for GrAMs would be only for re-development of existing market infrastructure.

 

In most of the cases, rural haats are owned and operated by the Gram panchayats themselves.

 

However, selection of the rural haats for re-development and modernising hasn’t been smooth despite it being a 2019-20 budget announcement.

 

When the exercise first started, states just sent a list of rural haats without any details on its location, who operated it etc.

 

It was also not clear whether these haats operated under the ambit of local bodies or individuals.

 

Officials said it was then the ministry of agriculture along with the Directorate of Market Intelligence (DMI), which is an attached office under the ministry, started surveying the village haats and prepared a comprehensive list of their structure and most importantly whether they fell within the ambit of APMC acts or not.

 

Thereafter, now that ministry of agriculture has a full list of the rural haats based on its interaction with states and also surveys done by DMI, all proposals sent by the state to the ministry of rural development is forwarded to the ministry of agriculture for NoC.

 

There is a plan to link all of them through rural roads in PMGSY-3(Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana) and add them to the e-NaM network once the re-development and modernisation is complete.

 

Meanwhile, officials said of the over 9,500 village haats surveyed by the ministry of agriculture, around 69 per cent were weekly bazaars, while 70 were run by the local bodies mostly Gram Panchayats and 72 per cent of them transacted retail business.

 

In addition to the GrAMs programme, the rural development ministry is also simultaneously developing several village markets into proper nodes for marketing of rural products and most of them are outside the purview of APMC Acts.

States with the highest number of village haats allocated so far

StatesNo. of haats identifiedAndhra Pradesh564Gujarat188Rajasthan186Tamil Nadu182Telangana176Total1,878

Gramin Haats

Year End Review 2018: Ministry of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare

Year End Review 2018 Ministry of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare

Production Scenario of Major Agricultural Crops 2018-19 as per 1st Advance Estimates 

The Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) fixes target for the production of foodgrains in the country annually. The target for the production of foodgrains has been fixed at 290.25 million tonnes for the 2018-19.The production of foodgrains in the country has been estimated at 284.83 million tonnes (4th Advance Estimates) for 2017-18, which is a record.

As per the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the rainfall in the country was normal (-9%) during South-West monsoon season (June to September 2018).

Production Scenario of Major Rabi Agricultural Crops 2017-18 (as per 4th Advance Estimates)

1. As per Fourth Advance Estimates for 2017-18, total Rabi Foodgrain production in the country is estimated at 144.10 million tonnes which is higher by 7.32 million tonnes than the previous record production of rabi foodgrain of 136.78 million tonnes achieved during 2016-17. The rabi production during 2017-18 is also higher by 13.58 million tonnes than the previous five years’ (2012-13 to 2016-17) average production of foodgrain.

2. Total production of Rabi Rice during 2017-18 is estimated at record 15.41 million tonnes.  Production of rabi rice has increased by 2.01 million tonnes than the production of 13.40 million tonnes during 2016-17. It is also higher by 1.71 million tonnes than the five years’ average production of 13.70 million tonnes.

3. Production of Wheat, estimated at record 99.70 million tonnes, is higher by 1.19 million tonnes as compared to wheat production of 98.51 million tonnes achieved during 2016-17.  Further, the production of wheat during 2017-18 is higher by 6.36 million tonnes than the average wheat production of 93.34 million tonnes.

4. Production of Rabi Nutri / Coarse Cereals estimated at record 13.10 million tonnes is higher than the average production by 1.91 million tonnes. Further, it is also higher by 1.77 million tonnes as compared to their production of 11.33 million tonnes achieved during 2016-17.

5. Total Rabi Pulses production during 2017-18 is estimated at record 15.89 million tonnes which is higher by 2.34 million tonnes than the previous year’s production of 13.55 million tonnes.  Moreover, the production of rabi pulses during 2017-18 is higher by 3.60 million tonnes than the Five years’ average production of 12.29 million tonnes.

6. Total Rabi Oilseeds production in the country during 2017-18 is estimated at 10.31 million tonnes which is marginally higher by 0.55 million tonnes than the production of 9.76 million tonnes during 2016-17. However, the production of rabi oilseeds during 2017-18 is higher by 0.92 million tonnes than the average rabi oilseeds production (2012-13 to 2016-17).

Production Scenario of Major Kharif Agricultural Crops 2018-19 as per 1st  Advance Estimates

The production of foodgrains in the country during Kharif 2018 has been estimated at 141.59 million tonnes (1st Advance Estimates) against 140.73 million tonnes (4th Advance Estimates) during kharif 2017, which is higher by 0.86 million tonnes.Further, kharif foodgrain production is 11.94 million tonnes more than the average production of five years (2012-13 to 2016-17) of 129.65 million tonnes.

Total production of Kharif rice is estimated at 99.24 million tonnes. This is higher by 1.74 million tonnes than the last year’s production of 97.50 million tonnes. Further, it is higher by 6.64 million tonnes over the average production of Kharif rice during the last five years.

The total production of Nutri / coarse cereals in the country has decreased to 33.13 million tonnes as compared to 33.89 million tonnes during 2017-18. Production of Maize is expected to be 21.47 million tonnes which is higher by 1.23 million tonnes than that of last year’s production of 20.24 million tonnes. Further, this is more than 4.40 million tonnes than the average production of maize during the last five years.

The total production of Kharif pulses is estimated at 9.22 million tonnes which is lower by 0.12 million tonnes than the last year’s production of 9.34 million tonnes. However, kharif pulses estimated production is 2.67 million tonnes more than the last five years average production.

The total production of Kharif oilseeds in the country is estimated at 22.19 million tonnes as compared to 21.00 million tonnes during 2017-18, i.e., an increase of 1.19 million tonnes. Also, it is higher by 2.02 million tonnes than the average production of last five years.

Production of Sugarcane is estimated at 383.89 million tonnes which is higher by 6.99 million tonnes than the last year’s production of 376.90 million tonnes. Further, it is higher by 41.85 million tonnes than the average production of last five years.

Estimated production of Cotton is 32.48 million bales (of 170 kg each) and Production of Jute & Mesta estimated at 10.17 million bales (of 180 kg each).

Doubling of Farmers’ Income

The Government has set a target of doubling of farmers’ income by the year 2022. The Government has constituted an Inter-Ministerial Committee under the Chairmanship of Chief Executive Officer, National Rainfed Area Authority, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare to examine issues relating to doubling of farmers’ income and recommend a strategy to achieve doubling of farmers’ income in real terms by the year 2022.

The committee has identified seven sources of income growth viz, improvement in crop and livestock productivity; resource use efficiency or savings in the cost of production; increase in the cropping intensity; diversification towards high value crops; improvement in real prices received by farmers; and shift from farm to non-farm occupations. The committee is also looking into the investments in and for agriculture e.g. increasing public investments for agriculture-rural roads, rural electricity, irrigation; the need for policy support to enable investments by corporate sector in agriculture.

The Government has been reorienting the agriculture sector by focusing on an income-centeredness which goes beyond achieving merely the targeted production. The income approach focuses on achieving high productivity, reduced cost of cultivation and remunerative price on the produce, with a view to earn higher profits from farming.

Several initiatives have already been taken among each of the above mention strategies which inter-alia include:

(i) Initiating market reforms through the State Governments by amending the agriculture marketing regime.

(ii) Encouraging contract farming through the State Governments by promulgating of Model Contract Farming Act.

(iii) 22,000 Gramin Haats are to be upgraded to work as centers of aggregation and for direct purchase of agricultural commodities from the farmers.

(iv)  Launch of eNAM initiative to provide farmers an electronic online trading platform.

(v)   Implementation of flagship scheme of distribution of Soil Health Cards to farmers so that the use of fertilizers can be optimized.  So far more than 15 crore Soil Health Cards have been distributed in two cycles.

(vi) “Per drop more crop” initiative under which drip/sprinkler irrigation is being encouraged for optimal utilization of water.

(vii) “Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana(PKVY)” under which organic farming is being promoted.  North East is being developed as organic hub.

(viii) A revised farmer friendly “Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)” have been launched. The scheme covers various types of risks from pre-sowing to post harvest and the farmers have to pay very nominal premium.

(ix)  Under “Har Medh Par Ped”, agro forestry is being promoted for supplementing farm income, increase risk management and climate resilient agriculture as an important component of Integrated Farming Systems

(x)  The Indian Forest Act, 1927 was amended to exclude bamboo from the definition of ‘trees’. Henceforth bamboo grown outside forest area will not be regulated under the provisions of felling and transit rules. As a corollary the restructured National Bamboo Mission was launched for development of the value chain of bamboo as a measure to strengthen rural economy by linking the producer (farmer) to markets (industry). (x) Launch of PM-Asha scheme which will ensure MSP to farmers for oilseeds, pulses and copra.

(xi) Minimum Support Price (MSP) is notified by the Government for certain crops. Giving a major boost for the farmers income, the Government has approved the increase in the MSPs for all Kharif & Rabi crops for 2018-19 season at a level of at least 150 percent of the cost of production.

(xii) Bee keeping has been promoted under Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) to increase the productivity of crops through pollination and increase the honey production as an additional source of income of farmers.

(xiii) Rashtriya Gokul Mission has been implemented to enhance milk production and productivity of bovines and to make milk production more remunerative to the farmers.

(xiv) National Livestock Mission has been implemented to increase productivity and genetic improvement of livestock.

(xv) Foreseeing high potential in fisheries sector, a Blue Revolution with multi dimensional activities mainly focusing on fisheries production, both inland and marine is being implemented.

(xvi)  The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), on of the eight Missions under the PM’s National Action Plan on Climate Change is anchored in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. The revised strategy document for 2018-2030 was prepared for enhancing preparedness of the agriculture and allied sector towards the challenges posed by climate change

Higher Production through Productivity Gains:

National Food Security Mission

NFSM programme is being implemented in 638 districts of 29 states of the country for increasing the production and productivity of foodgrain crops (rice, wheat, pulses, coarse cereals & nutri-cereals) through area expansion and productivity enhancement, restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level and enhancing farm level economy to restore confidence amongst the farmers.

From the year 2018-19, NFSM-Nutri-Cereals are being implemented in 202 districts of 14 states (Jowar in 88 districts of 10 states, Bajra in 88 districts of 9 states, Ragi in 44 districts of 8 states and other millets in 43 districts of 7 states). Maize is being implemented in 237 districts and Barley in 39 districts of the country. The North-eastern states, J&K and Himachal Pradesh have given flexibility for implementing the NFSM- Nutri-cereals programme.

A programme on additional area coverage of Pulses during Rabi/Summer 2018-19 has been launched with an allocation of Rs.288.83 crores (GOI Share) to increase production of rabi/ summer pulses through area expansion. The additional allocation for implementation of the aforesaid programme has been made to 15 states.

As per the target, NFSM has achieved the bumper production of rice, wheat, pulses and nutri-cum-coarse cereals, during 2017-18 (As per 4 th advance estimates), the production of rice, wheat, pulses and coarse-cum-nutri- cereals have been achieved at the level of 112.91 million tonnes, 99.70 million tonnes, 25.23 million tonnes and 46.99 million tonnes respectively. The total foodgrains production achieved during 2017-18 is 284.83 million tonnes (3.5%) increase against last year.

New initiatives taken for increasing production and productivity of Pulses from 2016- 17 onwards:-

Breeder Seed production of pulses was introduced under NFSM-Pulses programme.

150 Seed Hubs are being implemented for increasing certified seeds of indigenous production of pulses in India through the Indian Institute of Pulses Research (IIPR), Kanpur and their centres.

Supplying of Minikits of pulses seed varieties not older than 10 years free of the cost (100% share) to the farmers.

In addition to State Governments, the ICAR/KVKs/SAUs also involved in conducting the demonstrations on improved latest package of practices of pulses.

15% allocation is earmarked for pulses under NFSM for production of quality seeds through State Governments.

The government has decided to create a buffer stock of pulses to control fluctuation of prices of pulses.

New initiatives taken for increasing production and productivity of Nutri-Cereals from 2018-19 onwards:-

Breeder seed production of nutri-cereals.

Creation of seed hubs.

Certified seed production.

Seed minikits allocation.

Strengthening/creation of Center of Excellence.

Publicity of nutri-cereals.

Interantional Year of Millets:-

The proposal of Government of India for celebrating an International Year of Millets by UN was endorsed by FAO Council for 2023.

Agriculture  Extension

1. Agri- Clinic & Agri-business Centre  (ACABC)

             Candidates trained                                                                    2393 nos.

            Ventures established                                                                 433 nos.

            Candidates undergoing training                                                1063 nos.

2. Skill Development: During 2018-19, 882 skill training courses have been planned to impart skill training to 17560 rural youth and farmers with a budget provision of 15.46 crore.

3. Mass Media Support to Agriculture Extension (MMSAE): So far 19105 numbers of Programmes telecast / Broadcast through DD Kisan, DD Regional Kendras and 97 FM All India Radio Kendras from 1st April 2018 to 30th November 2018 on Agriculture and Allied Sector.

4. Extension Reforms (ER): Under ATMA scheme the achievement are as follows:

Activity

Nos.

Exposure visit (No. of farmers)

270497

Training  (No. of farmers)

1409935

Demo  (No. of farmers)

268745

Kisan Mela  (No. of farmers)

562060

FIGs  (No. of Groups)

11029

No. of Farm Schools

8289

Krishi Unnati Mela, 2018

A National level 3rd Krishi Unnati Mela was organized by DAC&FW jointly with Indian Council of Agricultural Research and Department of Animal, Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Govt. of India from 16-18 March, 2018 at Mela Ground, IARI, Pusa Campus, New Delhi.

FICCI was selected as Project Management Agency (PMA) for organizing the Krishi Unnati Mela, 2018 through e-tender process.

The Hon’ble Prime Minister of India visited the Krishi Unnati Mela at the IARI, Mela Ground Pusa, New Delhi on 17.03.2018. He visited the Theme Pavilion and the jaivik mahakumbh. He laid the foundation stone for 25 Krishi Vigyan Kendras(KVKs).

He also launched an e-marketing portal for Organic Products. He gave away the Krishi Karman Award and the Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Krishi Protsahan Puraskar. The Prime Minister appreciated the spirit and the hardwork of our farmers for their achievements in agriculture since independence and further he said that there are important challenges in Agriculture today, which reduce the farmers’ income, an increase his losses and expenditure. The Government is working with a holistic approach to deal with these challenges. He said the aim remains to double farmers’ incomes and make the farmers lives easier.

The objective of the mela was to create widespread awareness about the latest agricultural technological developments and receive feedback from the agricultural community, which helps in designing and shaping the Institute’s future research strategy.

Theme pavilions on doubling farmers’ income by 2022, live demonstration on micro irrigation, waste water utilization and animal husbandry & fisheries was among the major attraction of the fair.

More than 600 stalls were setup by the Central and State Governments, various organizations etc. in this fair.

New harvesting techniques through organic means and its successful implementation the Javik Mahakumbh pavilion was a special attraction of the fair. In order to give a boost to
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