A philanthropist by nature,a avid writer by character and blogger by condition

The census 2011-2013

The production and area under production in dachinipora zone for the years 2011-2013 is as under
Production. 2011-13
Block. Dry fruit MT Fresh ft MT
– Year. Year. Year. Year
——————————————————– Block 012. 013. 012. 013
Bijbehara. 937 1629 14696 43388
Dachpr 1474 7087 20713 22463
Sallar. 1338. 4540 9724 10385
Area under production 2011-13
Block Year. Year. Year. Year
012. 013. 012. 013
Bijbehara. 625 625 1837 1845
Dachpr 982_1089 2589 2520
Sallar. 892- 854 1212-1202
The data has been compiled by the Chief Horticulture officer,Anantnag as per the request of Assistant grading and marketing officer,Horticulture planning and marketing, J&K government, Dachinipora Zone,Anantnag.
We have calculated 12944 MT of fresh fruit which comes out 12944000 Kg s and when we turn them into quintals we get the end result of 129440 quintals of dry fruit after excluding minor #uantity of 312 MT of almond.
Now if we configure them into shelled and kernels we get 32360 quintals of walnut shells (25%) and leave behind 75% which is to be converted into kernels from 97080 quintals of walnut.

From 97080 quintals of walnut we get 3883200 kgs of kernells and when converted into quintals we are left with 38832 quintals of Kernels.

So for 2013 we have 32360 quintals of walnuts and 38832 quintals of kernels.
Khan Mukhtar

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Jammu and Kashmir state with rich source of agriculture has all along been the source of resources for employment and other ways of livelihood for the populace.

But of late the conversion of agriculture land into something which is not related with this activity has created lot of problems.

When we draw a portrate of agriculture in Jammu and Kashmir we get a dismal presentation and picture is gloomy.

Th economy of the state is largely agrarian with 70% of population defendant on it and about 49% of the working population engaged in it.

The food grain production of India during the year 2010-2011 is 24156 thousand tones while it is only 137.15 thousand tones for J&K reflecting a low share of .06 per cent. Here demand is high and locals have to depend on imports which comes about Rs 1600 crores to fill the deficit gape of 5 lakh metric tones.

The net irrigated area during the year 1981-82 was 3.04 lakh hecters and it went upto 3.71 lakh hecters in 2008-09 reflecting marginal increase during the last 3 decades.

The state fails to qualify for national food security mission(NFSM).

One more field which is showing some promising results is horticulture which accounts only for 13% of the net sqwn area but contributes 45% of the states agriculture GDP. Six lakh families comprising of 30 lakh people are directly or indirectly involved in horticulture.

The rich source of income can be obtained by way of foreign exchange the state has earned by way of exports to different parts of the country.
During the year 2005-06 the quantity of fruits exports was estimated at 5552.45 Mts with foreign exchange of Rs 115.95 crores while during the year 2010-11 the quantity of fruit exported is estimated to be 9615.55 and foreign exchange earned as Rs. 208.4 croes .

During the year 2004-05 the. Percentage change over the year 2010-11 reveals that there was increase of about 73% on account of quantity exported and about 80% increase in terms of foreign exchange.

The total production of apple in India is estimated at 2891 thousand Mts which comprises 1852.41 thousand Mts from J&K reflecting a major share of about 64%.

Further in the state the percentage change for the year 2010-11 over the year 2004-05 reveals that there has been significant change of about 37% in terms of area and 65% change in respect to production however the productivity has only an increase of 17% during this period.

France leads the table with an average productivity of about 43mt/ha followed by Italy with 38mt/ha brazil 33mt/ha USA wit 33mt/ha. The average productivity of apple in world has been estimated at about 15mt/ha however the average productivity of apple in J&K continues to be a great concern with about 10mt/ha.

The Kashmiri saffron is one more casualty in Kashmir because it got a step motherly treatment from the corridors of power and cultivated land got diversified into highways and residential colonies..

The saffron being the costliest spice of the world but in Kashmir it has got a special status as it is attached with the very ethos of the people.

The percentage change for the year 2009 over 1097 is terrible and shocking.
The data available from the state financial commissioner,srinagar reveals that the area has gone down to 31% while the production level has reduced to 47% and even productivity has declined to about 23% during this period.
The contribution of saffron in terms of gross state domestic product(GSDP) during the year 2004-05 was recorded at .025% while it is 0.013% for the year 2009-10 indicating its gradual slump.

Spain has the highest productivity levels of more than 8 kg/hectare followed by Italy with 7.5 kg/hectare while it is only 2.15 kg/hectare in our state(acta horti-739,2007)while as in Iran we have 4 kg/hectare of production. Against the world productivity of almost 4.80 kg/hectare our productivity level stands only half of it.

The apex organization in state like SKUAST(K) and central institute of temperate horticulture(CITH) have made commendable job through research development however there is a vast scope for further improvement to increase the production and productivity trends particularly in case of Apple and safron.

Strong measure need to be taken for further exploration of high yielding varieties,production of high quality planting material,canopy management,high density plantation,rejuvination technology and water harvesting. RKVY can change the very fate of agriculture scenario provided strong research and extension efforts are required.

Equal emphases needs to be given to crop husbandry as food security and diversification are indispensable in nature. Technologies developed through front line demonstration(FLDs) and on farm-trails(OFTs) needs to be disseminated through main extension system for the benefit of farmers at large to change the outlook of the farming community from traditional agriculture to diversified agriculture.

We need to undertake a pack of steps that can change it for better.

Khan Mukhtar

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kashmir The story of control.

The Kashmir,s torture trail,a documentary on Kashmir by the acclaimed BAFTA- winning film maker Mr Jezza Neumann was recently aired on channel 4 in the UK.

The hard hitting documentary follows a human rights lawyer probing how protesters were driven off the streets and peace imposed in one of the most heavily militarised places on earth.

The documentary highlighted the systematic human rights abuses in Kashmir. Uncovering a state-sanctioned torture program that has set India on a collision course with the international community.

The film exposes and maps a network of government run torture centers through which as the documentary says, as many as one in three Kashmiris have been hauled.

Filming as undercover in the valley is the reason as why Kashmir has remained one of the most under-reported conflicts on earth and there has always been attempts by a section of mainstream India media to discredit and sabotage any step in this direction to reach the voice of Kashmir to outside the world forums.

During the last 60 years whatever has happened in Kashmir has never been allowed to travel outside the valley lest the true face of Indian democracy may be seen by the outside inhabitants.

The voice the miserable conditions and the fate of inhabitants have always remained a mystery for all living outside as notion has always been created that everything is normal in Kashmir.

The unmarked graves the mysterious disappearances of innocent youths and the draconian laws have made the life of Kashmir a hell and whoever tried to raise voice is labeled as terrorist and killed in fake encounters.

The Indian security system has taken every inhuman steps to crush the voice of miserable people under the guise of law and order problems.
They can pickup anybody and keep him in confinement without trial under AFSPA(Armed forces special power act) for years together.

There are instances if illegal confinements throughout length and breadth of the state and fake encounters have became a routine matter.

The fake encounters have now turned into a industry because security forces use it as a tool to get promotions and monetary benefits from the government of India under the mission : fight against terrorism;.

Skies are watching and time will come when pot will get full up to brim by the tears of innocent Kashmiris and heavens will ultimately come to our rescue as we have none elsewhere to protect.

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The jaleel Andrabi Case

During the year 1996 human rights activist and a member of amnesty international was picked up by the Rashtriya rifles regiment under the command of Major Avtar but his body was found floating in the jhelum river a few days later after his arrest.

The main person responsible was non other than Major Avtar singh and it was even established by the local police.

The major in connivance with home ministry of India disappeared from Kashmir and was smuggled out of country to avoid rule of law.

The innocent soul of Jaleel Andrabi was bruised just few days later when he had returned from Geneva where he had addressed a UN session about human rights violations by India in Kashmir.

On the evening of March 8, 1996 Andrabi was driving home with his wife when he was stopped and taken away by army personnel who were apparently waiting for him.

Twenty days later police asked Andrabi,s younger brother to identify a body recovered from a jute sack in the jhelum river.. It was Andrabi, his hands tied behind his back,his eyes gouged out.

The special investigation team formed to investigate the case_ at the order of high court in Kashmir reported that everything pointed to Major Avtar singh of 25 Rashtriya Rifles unit as the person who had committed the murder. It was also found that in order to eliminate the trail,singh had murdered four Kashmiri counter insurgents who had witnessed the killing.

The home ministry and external affairs ministry played a active role to save singh just to avoid setting a precedent for Indian soldier accused of human rights violations to appear before the law.

There was inter pol alert for singh but he was never deported from the hiding- Selma ,California, USA.

The story to catch singh alive failed as on Saturday,9th,June 2012, the killer of Andrabi got killed his family of 4 including his wife and at the end of the bloody game killed himself. End of a Murderer.

Justice is still alluding an as the family members of Andrabi have an firm belief that Singh was not alone involved but the other people who master minded it are roaming free.

The Americans are pestering other countries to deport the people who have committed crimes back home but Safe passage of Avtar Singh in American speaks duel policy. He has been living a decent life and carrying his trucking business under the watchful eyes of over active American law enforcing agencies who catch anybody having Khan as surname.

It means that Americans were doing it to appease India who had smuggled him into American safe heavens after committing crimes in neglected land of Kashmir.

Let us wait for the real justice.

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Horticulture industry of Jammu and Kashmir is back bone of her economy but casual approach adopted by government does not fit in the schemes of things.

It generates 7000 cr revenue during the year but this year only 500 cr were demarcated

in budget 2019-20.

According to official figures horticulture sector generated a total wage employment of 7.71cr. man days in the year 2016-17 under apple orchards and others ,emerging as one of the major sources for direct and indirect employment generation in the state.

One hectare of an Apple orchard generates about 400 man days per year,besides also generating healthy employment in other allied sectors.

Horticulture sector has significantly expanded over the years with an area of 3.38 Lakh hectare currently under cultivation producing 23.55.Lakh metric tones – fresh fruit 20.75 LMT,s and dry fruit 2.80 LMT,s.

It is unfortunate that horticulture sector does not get even 10 per cent of budget allocation.

It is surprising that instead of being so enterprising sector govt always give it a cold response.

How can this sector improve when we do not have infrastructure in place to allow it to grow.

Walnut is produced in Kashmir but export centres are located outside the valley
Apple gets its lions rather 95% share from Kashmir but we hardly have cold chains available within the valley.

There is requirement of 3 Lac metric tons capacity of cold stores within the valley but we hardly have presence of 50 thousand capacity available.

The sooner we act the sooner we can harvest our true potential.

Rural Periodical market

Periodic Markets,Functions and reasons

This makes a detailed analysis of the periodic market centres. Market centres of Vashi,Navi Mumbai   have been studied with a view to understand their role in development of local community. It  tries to gauge on the evolution of periodic markets and their structure and their impact on development process. They have studied both primary and secondary data for the same.

Let us first understand what Periodic market is.

We all know that a market is a place where buyers and sellers meet and where business transactions are done. A “periodic Market” is an authorised public gathering of buyers and sellers of commodities at an appointed place at regular intervals. Market centres are the places to which consumers travel to buy or exchange goods. A market is necessarily a place of large number of simultaneous person to person transactions. But apart from being a point of economic contact they also serve as places of social and cultural interactions.


The participants in a periodic market can be grouped into: consumers, traders, administrators and bystanders. We very well understand the roles of consumers and traders.  In case of periodic markets consumers are generally local people and traders are mobile salesman who moves from one market to another and returns to his home base after doing business in one or more market in a week. Administrators are the people who are responsible for the law and order at the periodic market and the collection of taxes. Bystanders are those who come into market to spend their day either meeting people or just going around the market.


Generally periodic markets are located near to the other central places such as religious places, administrative offices and socio-cultural institutions. Majority of people live away from the central place institutions. Therefore to minimize the efforts, expenses and inconvenience in travel all these institutions are visited in one single journey. In certain cases periodic markets  may be located in between two settlements particularly near road junctions and river crossing.

Organization of periodic market

Different lengths of market intervals have been identified but a seven day interval seems to be a very common phenomenon. When new markets are located in areas which already have some markets, the new markets can either select their market days avoiding those of existing market. If there are two market days within a week it is more likely that they will be so located as to have maximum temporal distance. Similarly in such case, it has been observed that depending on the volume of trade, one of them is major and the other is a minor, market day. A further classification of such market has been done on the basis of type of economic activity such as wholesale marketing.

Functions of Periodic markets as Central places

Markets as commercial institutions have a number of functions to perform. They perform utility function, exchange function and institutional function. Function of a periodic market is basically to provide a wide range of goods and services to the population of the surrounding areas. The existence of such central place depends upon its access to a minimum or threshold level of demand ability to support the services offered by the centre. The basic element of the periodic market as central place is its capacity to provide goods and services to an area, larger than itself. The range of services provided by each settlement may be extensive or limited, but the function as a service centre is a common to all.

As a Central place, periodic markets mesh supply and demand in both their spatial and temporal variations and functions as expression of large scale division of labour. The transport network helps in linking the food surplus and food deficit areas in the form of internal trade links. It is a complex system when compared to the local exchanges related to small scale division of labours.

Periodic Markets as growth points

 Market centres have tendency to establish long links with surrounding areas. In order to serve the congregation of people a host of activities begin to converge on these centres. Good and dense transport network, banks, storage points, grading establishments, packaging, telephone telegraph links tend to get strengthened. By the virtue of establishment of the market the income of the settlement establishments are enhanced. Thus a chain effect takes place on the account of the establishment of markets. The market in its wake paves the way for local and regional

The marriage anniversary , way to get definition of love and life.

When she arrived on the horizon of my life the air started behaving differently but I took everything in my stride won her heart and s
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The town of chinars #Bijbehara has always been the town of saints, intellectuals and well read and people were always looking towards this sacred place for knowledge.

The one among great saints was #GaffarSahib of #Bagandhar,the place inside the garden of great saint.

And the history goes like this,that,-

The spiritually well connected God fearing and ready to sacrifice anything was THE hall Mark of Peer Gaffer Sahib basically from Ali Baba sahib Mohala near present Jamia.Mosque Bijbehara.

The legendary has only one son and four daughters.

My grand mother Sajeeda Was the daughter of his only son and my grand father Peer Hamidullah shah was son of her one of the daughters.

The saint did not send off his daughter after marriage but instead invited his four son in laws to stay with him since he had vast estate to look after and to own.

The legendary had travelled to Macca for pilgrimage of Haj for 7 times and have been the reason of many miracles in his lifetime.

One of the episodes which our grand parents would always narrate us would include the visit of God,s angels in his dreams asking him the desires of his life.

It is a well confirmed dreamy episode which had further strengthened the beliefs of his followers when he showed desire in his dreams for this world as well as the world after death.He seems to have got answered to his desires.

During his life time he had constructed many mosques on his own ,the renowned among them is one at #Bijbehara called Gaffar mosque where people still offer prayers till date.

There is one more miracle which had made him to shift his base from AliBaba mohala to Bagandhar and this relates to his miracle which took place while he was leaving for Haj pilgrimage during one of his 7 such journies.

The folklore said it all and whole town of his followers started marching towards his seat of excellence the movement the need went around the town that saint had played a role in avoiding the sinking of a ship when tornado hit the sea when ship was passing through sea enroute to Haj

The eye witnesses said it all that when captain of the ship where pilgrims were aboard declared that ship is just seconds away before it could get immersed into the waters as whole sea was devastated by cyclonic wind and all ships had already vanished into waters.

It is said that when this news was broke out to saint by his followers,the saint had already covered himself under the blanket and the movement he heard it,he ordered that let captain of ship convey to cyclone that Darvesh Gaffar is on way to Haj and nobody can stop him to accomplish it.The whispering of such words in air made the waters to calm down and captain of the ship was surprised the way other pilgrims were.

It is said the ship carried on and whole journey was completed and companions of Darvesh started following him more sacredly.

On his return to his home,his home town was already well versed with the miracles of Peer and the villagers who were in the same ship donated all their land located around Bagander near present Tehsil office Bijbehara.

It is said that saint left for new place near Bagandar where whole village was donated by his followers free of cost.

The people started visiting him day in day out. Personal mosque,personal grave yard and many buildings were constructed and people started
visited him for getting blessings.

It is also said that a kettle of tea was kept in a room in the morning and who so was coming was getting his cup of tea for whole day without putting in additional water. Darvesh had instructed that lid of the kettle should not be opened after it has been filled in morning and whosoever or how many believers take tea,it will not get emptied but will feed all.

Just to score a spiritual point of great Peer,once a believer reached the Peer for removing his miseries,the Peer asked the believer to pick up mud from his ground and directed him to go home,your miseries will be addressed.

The believer without second thought dug a bit of mud from ground and left home but when he reached home to open the packet of mud,he was instead surprised that he instead opened a pack of gold. This is faith and faith can heal anybody.

So this way Gaffar Sahib established his residential houses and people from all corners of state would visit him and this way Gaffar sahib was a household name and beeline of followers were always found around his forte.

The first type of Hamaam( hot water chamber where steam would heat up the chamber) was established and people would come and get a steam bath for their different ailments.

The peculiarity of place was that at distance it was covered from all side and maim gate will make a coman entry for all.

The residual strictures are still standing gracefully and people still remember the faith healer which was later carried on by grand father,then followed by my maternal uncles Late Peer Gul Mohammad ,Peer Ahmadullahh and late Peer Abdul Rasheed.

Now only their children are there but legacy has gone so has the healing touch but people still visit their grave yards for their own satisfaction and heal of faith.May Allah bless their souls


Mixing politics with education has never derived any result nor will it make in future .

Politics of convenience if used as a tool to appeal and appease your masters is also not going to help you to harvest the variety of Crop you desire to have.

Lately and to be precise,yesterday a colonial type role of Secretary education had come to fore where Directors and district education officers have been directed to celebrate #Surgical #Strike at various schools and in the same breadth students were given directions to prepare cards and send them to any nearby army camp with messages to salute the valour of security forces who made such strikes possible.

I am surprised as how a civil servant supposed to follow civil service rules had coined this idea to wear the mantle of an security agency and pass such orders simply the role confined for politicians,defense personal or the ministry of home.

This is a million dollar question which will confuse all to find the answer.

I have heard students protesting that they will prefer to avoid schools than to celebrate such dictatorship scheme of order.

Even few students have gone to the conclusion that government is trying to politicize the education.

We hardly afforded to send our children to schools but such orders will send them back to homes.

Whose idea it could be,police army,home ministry if not then how come Secretary of education j&K state who is otherwise custodian of students can afford to derail the education system in fragile state like ours.

We need to win students on our side not allowing them to embrace fringe elements..


Supreme Court defers hearing on Article 35A to January 2019

The Supreme Court of India on Friday adjourned the hearing on a string of petitions challenging the constitutional validity of the Article 35A, which protects the state subject laws and special rights and privileges of J&K’s permanent residents.

The crucial case was heard by the Apex Court as Kashmir and parts of Chenab and Pir Panjal regions are observing a complete shutdown today for second consecutive day in defence of the constitutional provision that restricts government jobs, admissions in professional institutions and scholarships to the state subjects.

The court said the next hearing on the case would take place in second week of January next year, media reports said.

Joint Resistance Leadership had called for shutdown on August 30 and 31 to protest attempts the scrap the legislation.

On the last hearing of the case, the Apex Court had said that it would first decide whether the pleas challenging Article 35A need to be referred to a five-judge constitutional bench for examining the larger issue.

The J&K government, in its affidavit filed during the PDP-BJP government, had sought dismissal of the petition, reasoning the matter has already been settled by the top court.

In its defence of the Article, the J&K government had cited two verdicts by the Constitution benches of the Supreme Court in 1961 and 1969, which had upheld the powers of the President under Article 370(1)(d) of the Constitution of India to pass such orders.

In 2014, ‘We The Citizens’ filed a writ petition in the Supreme Court seeking abrogation of the Article 35A on the ground that it was not added to the Constitution following the procedure prescribed in the Article 368 of the Indian Constitution.

We as state subjects are surprised as why higher court of authority is being dictated by the mischievous mind set of people who are out to tease people of our state by giving them chance to stay afloat by way of deferring the case instead of dismissing it just as it had already done during 1961 and 1969.

  • This petition by we the citizens is politically motivated and supreme court is giving them leverage otherwise the said court had already given verdict
  • way back to uphold such constitutional obligation for J&K state.