A philanthropist by nature,a avid writer by character and blogger by condition

The census 2011-2013

The production and area under production in dachinipora zone for the years 2011-2013 is as under
———————————————————————————————————————-
Production. 2011-13
Block. Dry fruit MT Fresh ft MT
——————————————————-
– Year. Year. Year. Year
——————————————————– Block 012. 013. 012. 013
———————————————————
Bijbehara. 937 1629 14696 43388
Dachpr 1474 7087 20713 22463
Sallar. 1338. 4540 9724 10385
———————————————————-
Area under production 2011-13
————————————————–
Block Year. Year. Year. Year
—————————————————-
012. 013. 012. 013
——————————————————-
Bijbehara. 625 625 1837 1845
Dachpr 982_1089 2589 2520
Sallar. 892- 854 1212-1202
—————————————————–
___________________________________
The data has been compiled by the Chief Horticulture officer,Anantnag as per the request of Assistant grading and marketing officer,Horticulture planning and marketing, J&K government, Dachinipora Zone,Anantnag.
We have calculated 12944 MT of fresh fruit which comes out 12944000 Kg s and when we turn them into quintals we get the end result of 129440 quintals of dry fruit after excluding minor #uantity of 312 MT of almond.
Now if we configure them into shelled and kernels we get 32360 quintals of walnut shells (25%) and leave behind 75% which is to be converted into kernels from 97080 quintals of walnut.

From 97080 quintals of walnut we get 3883200 kgs of kernells and when converted into quintals we are left with 38832 quintals of Kernels.

So for 2013 we have 32360 quintals of walnuts and 38832 quintals of kernels.
Khan Mukhtar

Posted with WordPress for BlackBerry.

Advertisements

Jammu and Kashmir state with rich source of agriculture has all along been the source of resources for employment and other ways of livelihood for the populace.

But of late the conversion of agriculture land into something which is not related with this activity has created lot of problems.

When we draw a portrate of agriculture in Jammu and Kashmir we get a dismal presentation and picture is gloomy.

Th economy of the state is largely agrarian with 70% of population defendant on it and about 49% of the working population engaged in it.

The food grain production of India during the year 2010-2011 is 24156 thousand tones while it is only 137.15 thousand tones for J&K reflecting a low share of .06 per cent. Here demand is high and locals have to depend on imports which comes about Rs 1600 crores to fill the deficit gape of 5 lakh metric tones.

The net irrigated area during the year 1981-82 was 3.04 lakh hecters and it went upto 3.71 lakh hecters in 2008-09 reflecting marginal increase during the last 3 decades.

The state fails to qualify for national food security mission(NFSM).

One more field which is showing some promising results is horticulture which accounts only for 13% of the net sqwn area but contributes 45% of the states agriculture GDP. Six lakh families comprising of 30 lakh people are directly or indirectly involved in horticulture.

The rich source of income can be obtained by way of foreign exchange the state has earned by way of exports to different parts of the country.
During the year 2005-06 the quantity of fruits exports was estimated at 5552.45 Mts with foreign exchange of Rs 115.95 crores while during the year 2010-11 the quantity of fruit exported is estimated to be 9615.55 and foreign exchange earned as Rs. 208.4 croes .

During the year 2004-05 the. Percentage change over the year 2010-11 reveals that there was increase of about 73% on account of quantity exported and about 80% increase in terms of foreign exchange.

The total production of apple in India is estimated at 2891 thousand Mts which comprises 1852.41 thousand Mts from J&K reflecting a major share of about 64%.

Further in the state the percentage change for the year 2010-11 over the year 2004-05 reveals that there has been significant change of about 37% in terms of area and 65% change in respect to production however the productivity has only an increase of 17% during this period.

France leads the table with an average productivity of about 43mt/ha followed by Italy with 38mt/ha brazil 33mt/ha USA wit 33mt/ha. The average productivity of apple in world has been estimated at about 15mt/ha however the average productivity of apple in J&K continues to be a great concern with about 10mt/ha.

The Kashmiri saffron is one more casualty in Kashmir because it got a step motherly treatment from the corridors of power and cultivated land got diversified into highways and residential colonies..

The saffron being the costliest spice of the world but in Kashmir it has got a special status as it is attached with the very ethos of the people.

The percentage change for the year 2009 over 1097 is terrible and shocking.
The data available from the state financial commissioner,srinagar reveals that the area has gone down to 31% while the production level has reduced to 47% and even productivity has declined to about 23% during this period.
The contribution of saffron in terms of gross state domestic product(GSDP) during the year 2004-05 was recorded at .025% while it is 0.013% for the year 2009-10 indicating its gradual slump.

Spain has the highest productivity levels of more than 8 kg/hectare followed by Italy with 7.5 kg/hectare while it is only 2.15 kg/hectare in our state(acta horti-739,2007)while as in Iran we have 4 kg/hectare of production. Against the world productivity of almost 4.80 kg/hectare our productivity level stands only half of it.

The apex organization in state like SKUAST(K) and central institute of temperate horticulture(CITH) have made commendable job through research development however there is a vast scope for further improvement to increase the production and productivity trends particularly in case of Apple and safron.

Strong measure need to be taken for further exploration of high yielding varieties,production of high quality planting material,canopy management,high density plantation,rejuvination technology and water harvesting. RKVY can change the very fate of agriculture scenario provided strong research and extension efforts are required.

Equal emphases needs to be given to crop husbandry as food security and diversification are indispensable in nature. Technologies developed through front line demonstration(FLDs) and on farm-trails(OFTs) needs to be disseminated through main extension system for the benefit of farmers at large to change the outlook of the farming community from traditional agriculture to diversified agriculture.

We need to undertake a pack of steps that can change it for better.

Khan Mukhtar
Maribmariya@gmail.com

Posted with WordPress for BlackBerry.

Posted with WordPress for BlackBerry.

kashmir The story of control.

The Kashmir,s torture trail,a documentary on Kashmir by the acclaimed BAFTA- winning film maker Mr Jezza Neumann was recently aired on channel 4 in the UK.

The hard hitting documentary follows a human rights lawyer probing how protesters were driven off the streets and peace imposed in one of the most heavily militarised places on earth.

The documentary highlighted the systematic human rights abuses in Kashmir. Uncovering a state-sanctioned torture program that has set India on a collision course with the international community.

The film exposes and maps a network of government run torture centers through which as the documentary says, as many as one in three Kashmiris have been hauled.

Filming as undercover in the valley is the reason as why Kashmir has remained one of the most under-reported conflicts on earth and there has always been attempts by a section of mainstream India media to discredit and sabotage any step in this direction to reach the voice of Kashmir to outside the world forums.

During the last 60 years whatever has happened in Kashmir has never been allowed to travel outside the valley lest the true face of Indian democracy may be seen by the outside inhabitants.

The voice the miserable conditions and the fate of inhabitants have always remained a mystery for all living outside as notion has always been created that everything is normal in Kashmir.

The unmarked graves the mysterious disappearances of innocent youths and the draconian laws have made the life of Kashmir a hell and whoever tried to raise voice is labeled as terrorist and killed in fake encounters.

The Indian security system has taken every inhuman steps to crush the voice of miserable people under the guise of law and order problems.
They can pickup anybody and keep him in confinement without trial under AFSPA(Armed forces special power act) for years together.

There are instances if illegal confinements throughout length and breadth of the state and fake encounters have became a routine matter.

The fake encounters have now turned into a industry because security forces use it as a tool to get promotions and monetary benefits from the government of India under the mission : fight against terrorism;.

Skies are watching and time will come when pot will get full up to brim by the tears of innocent Kashmiris and heavens will ultimately come to our rescue as we have none elsewhere to protect.

Posted with WordPress for BlackBerry.

Posted with WordPress for BlackBerry.

The jaleel Andrabi Case

During the year 1996 human rights activist and a member of amnesty international was picked up by the Rashtriya rifles regiment under the command of Major Avtar but his body was found floating in the jhelum river a few days later after his arrest.

The main person responsible was non other than Major Avtar singh and it was even established by the local police.

The major in connivance with home ministry of India disappeared from Kashmir and was smuggled out of country to avoid rule of law.

The innocent soul of Jaleel Andrabi was bruised just few days later when he had returned from Geneva where he had addressed a UN session about human rights violations by India in Kashmir.

On the evening of March 8, 1996 Andrabi was driving home with his wife when he was stopped and taken away by army personnel who were apparently waiting for him.

Twenty days later police asked Andrabi,s younger brother to identify a body recovered from a jute sack in the jhelum river.. It was Andrabi, his hands tied behind his back,his eyes gouged out.

The special investigation team formed to investigate the case_ at the order of high court in Kashmir reported that everything pointed to Major Avtar singh of 25 Rashtriya Rifles unit as the person who had committed the murder. It was also found that in order to eliminate the trail,singh had murdered four Kashmiri counter insurgents who had witnessed the killing.

The home ministry and external affairs ministry played a active role to save singh just to avoid setting a precedent for Indian soldier accused of human rights violations to appear before the law.

There was inter pol alert for singh but he was never deported from the hiding- Selma ,California, USA.

The story to catch singh alive failed as on Saturday,9th,June 2012, the killer of Andrabi got killed his family of 4 including his wife and at the end of the bloody game killed himself. End of a Murderer.

Justice is still alluding an as the family members of Andrabi have an firm belief that Singh was not alone involved but the other people who master minded it are roaming free.

The Americans are pestering other countries to deport the people who have committed crimes back home but Safe passage of Avtar Singh in American speaks duel policy. He has been living a decent life and carrying his trucking business under the watchful eyes of over active American law enforcing agencies who catch anybody having Khan as surname.

It means that Americans were doing it to appease India who had smuggled him into American safe heavens after committing crimes in neglected land of Kashmir.

Let us wait for the real justice.

Posted with WordPress for BlackBerry.

Kashmir’s walnut industry: Challenges and remedies.
Though there is increase in demand of Kashmir walnut in, both domestic and international markets, however, the production is decrasing every year.
Jammu and Kashmir is the major walnut producing state with production of around 2.66 lakh metric tonnes on 89,000 hectares of land and contributes to more than 98 percent of the total walnut production in India.
While processing of some of the produce happens in the state, majority is exported unprocessed. Our state contributes to about 98 percent of the walnut exports from the country. The major export destinations include France, Netherlands, UK, Germany, UAE and some other countries.
In the year 2015-2016, India exported 3,292mt to the world for the worth of Rs 117.92 crores while in 2016-2017 exports were 2191mt worth Rs 55.27 crores or $8.27millions.
Being organic in nature (which is its USP), as no fertilisers or sparys are used on walnut plants and its yield, and high in nutrients with immense health benefits, Kashmiri walnut has seen growing demand and acceptability in the domestic and international market.
However, production is decreasing day-by-day. The purpose of this article is to highlight some major challenges J&K’s walnut industry is facing.
1. Field surveys and development of demonstrating walnut nurseries at Anantnag.
Of late department of Horticulture production department had taken a initiative to develop walnut nursery at Anantnag under the able guidance of CITH.
20 kanals of land had been developed as a demonstration intuitive to give basic idea of high density walnut plantation.
120 high density walnut trees stand developed at Brakpora,Anantnag during the year 2017 and this year few plants have started bearing fruit.
Firstly, there is increase in demand of Kashmir walnut in the domestic and international markets but the production is decrasing. There are many factors responsible for it. There is shortage of quality planting, poor orchard management and long gestation period. A typical walnut tree in Kashmir takes about 13-15 years to fetch the first crop. We really need to bring more areas under walnut cultivation with high yielding varieties. Sick orchards need to be rejuvenated. The need of the hour is to encourage fresh walnut plantation, on the pattern of the apple plantation. Farmers must be provided good quality grafted plants. We do not have orchards for specific varieties of walnuts. We have uneven yield for the crop and our produce is of variable size and quality due to which it is not competitive in the market. Techniques like grafting could give us a uniform type of walnut and contribute a lot to overcoming this problem but the farmers aren’t putting it to practice. There is lack of infrastructure like transport, power supply, roads, mandis and packaging and processing facilities. It is felt that modern grading and packing houses need to be established near the farms.
2.Assessment of damages due to climatic conditions.
Low density per unit area and climatic fluctuations are the main culprits responsible for low productivity.
Moreover, there have been complaints of pest attacks and diseases which has also affected the productivity. The government, especially the horticulture ministry has to play role in educating the farmers and equiping them with the latest technology and infrastructure. Agricuture university and other research institutes can really play a substantial role in the process. Farmers have to be provided technical assistance right from planting to harvesting. Irrigation facilities need to be provided sufficiently. Also, we need to develop cost effective technology for the purpose.
3 Impact of climatic change on production.
Due to climactic changes we also have impact on production of walnuts since early falling and damage to the mother tree affects the production.
Besides this the harvesting and the post harvest methods used by the farmers are primitive, resulting in reduced productivity and quality of the crop. Be it harvesting (please not that timely harvesting is important), washing, drying, storage, transportation, we severely lack the infrastructure needed to increase the productivity and quality at farm and industrial level. Primitive washing methods for example impacts the quality of kernels badly and there is breakage, which results in wastage. Moreover, there is lack of awareness when it comes to sanitary conditions for walnut handling. It is worth mentioning that reduced quality means reduced market value and less acceptance of the product in the market. Postharvest management and also the handling, processing and packaging has to be carried out in a scientific manner. It holds the same importance for the processors and packers at industrial level.
Let’s do a brief comparison with Californian and Chilean walnut industry. We must not forget that the California walnut industry is made up of over 4,000 walnut growers and 93 walnut handlers and processors, with highly sophisticated processing plants and technology and also efficient supply chain management, which favour them when it comes to marketing the product. Here in Kashmir, we lack the technology part and also have geographical disadvantage . So, to be in the competition, we have to take the required steps. Taking a look at Chiles walnut produce, the kernels have bright colour and are free of bitter taste, with long shelf life. There are more than 2000 walnut growers in Chile, having total plantation area of 40,000 hectares that is increasing by 2,500 hectares every year.
Production volume is also increasing by 15-20% annually. Currently Chilean walnuts are mainly exported to European and Middle East countries but their focus is on moving to Asia as well, while our industry is moving at snail’s pace. In J&K, we are not adopting international standards when it comes to grading, processing and packing.
Thirdly, due to lack of export oriented policies of the government, the exports have not grown much. Though, India shares 20 percent of the European market but there is intense competition from California, Mexico, Chile and China. However at domestic level, our main competitors are California and Chile. The unregulated imports, without quantitative restrictions from California and Chile has hit the local industry badly. So both the import and export policies need should the local walnut industry to avoid further losses. The central government should address the issue at a higher level.
There should be an increase in the import duty of American walnut kernels especially. Entrepreneurs are not being encouraged to carry out this trade. On the contrary, due to the negative factors, many of them have left this trade and opted for other businesses. Some of them are even moving abroad for better opportunities.
4.Impact of GST on walnut industry of Kashmir.
Before the implementation of GST walnut and almond were in zero percent tax slab under VAT.However under the present tax regime both the dry fruits were taxed.
At present walnut is charged 5% tax and Almond 12% under GST regime and growers are pressing hard to make 0% taxation on dry fruits.
5.Possible impact on farmers after introduction of GST.
More than 95% walnuts and 90% almonds are produced from Kashmir and as per the GST regime both commodities including walnut was first under 12% slab but later on brought down to 5% after strong resentment from walnut growers ,almond however remained at 12%..
Dry fruit trade is an unorganized sector in our state and the grower still faces the wrath.Most of the people involved in this trade are mostly illiterate and find it difficult to go through various GST related processes such as e.way billing etc.New tax regime has created mess for the trade.
Though the prevailing situation in our state, political instability and several other factors are also equally responsible for the tepid industrial growth and sufferings of the people associated with this trade, I believe we could always do our part and what is within our control. It is really hoped that against all odds, we will be able to save the industry from further losses.

Kashmir is the major walnut producing state with production of around 2.66 lakh metric tonnes on 89,000 hectares of land and contributes to more than 98 percent of the total walnut production in India. While processing of some of the produce happens in the state, majority is exported unprocessed. Our state contributes to about 98 percent of the walnut exports from the country. The major export destinations include France, Netherlands, UK, Germany, UAE and some other countries. In the year 2015-2016, India exported 3,292mt to the world for the worth of Rs 117.92 crores while in 2016-2017 exports were 2191mt worth Rs 55.27 crores or $8.27 millions.

Being organic in nature (which is its USP), as no fertilisers or sparys are used on walnut plants and its yield, and high in nutrients with immense health benefits, Kashmiri walnut has seen growing demand and acceptability in the domestic and international market. However, production is decreasing day-by-day. The purpose of this article is to highlight some major challenges J&K’s walnut industry is facing.

Firstly, there is increase in demand of Kashmir walnut in the domestic and international markets but the production is decrasing. There are many factors responsible for it. There is shortage of quality planting, poor orchard management and long gestation period. A typical walnut tree in Kashmir takes about 13-15 years to fetch the first crop. We really need to bring more areas under walnut cultivation with high yielding varieties. Sick orchards need to be rejuvenated. The need of the hour is to encourage fresh walnut plantation, on the pattern of the apple plantation. Farmers must be provided good quality grafted plants. We do not have orchards for specific varieties of walnuts. We have uneven yield for the crop and our produce is of variable size and quality due to which it is not competitive in the market. Techniques like grafting could give us a uniform type of walnut and contribute a lot to overcoming this problem but the farmers aren’t putting it to practice. There is lack of infrastructure like transport, power supply, roads, mandis and packaging and processing facilities. It is felt that modern grading and packing houses need to be established near the farms. Also, low density per unit area and climatic fluctuations are responsible for low productivity. Moreover, there have been complaints of pest attacks and diseases which has also affected the productivity. The government, especially the horticulture ministry has to play role in educating the farmers and equiping them with the latest technology and infrastructure. Agricuture university and other research institutes can really play a substantial role in the process. Farmers have to be provided technical assistalatestnce right from planting to harvesting. Irrigation facilities need to be provided sufficiently. Also, we need to develop cost effective technology for the purpose.

Secondly, the harvesting and the post harvest methods used by the farmers are primitive, resulting in reduced productivity and qualclosedity of the crop. Be it harvesting (please not that timely harvesting is important), washing, drying, storage, transportation, we severely lack the infrastructure needed to increase the productivity and quality at farm and industrial level. Primitive washing methods for example impacts the quality of kernels badly and there is breakage, which results in wastage. Moreover, there is lack of awareness when it comes to sanitary conditions for walnut handling. It is worth mentioning that reduced quality means reduced market value and less acceptance of the product in the market. Postharvest management and also the handling, processing and packaging has to be carried out in a scientific manner. It holds the same importance for the processors and packers at industrial level.

Let’s do a brief comparison with Californian and Chilean walnut industry. We must not forget that the California walnut industry is made up of over 4,000 walnut growers and 93 walnut handlers and processors, with highly sophisticated processing plants and technology and also efficient supply chain management, which favour them when it comes to marketing the product. Here in Kashmir, we lack the technology part and also have geographical disadvantage . So, to be in the competition, we have to take the required steps. Taking a look at Chiles walnut produce, the kernels have bright colour and are free of bitter taste, with long shelf life. There are more than 2000 walnut growers in Chile, having total plantation area of 40,000 hectares that is increasing by 2,500 hectares every year. Production volume is also increasing by 15-20% annually. Currently Chilean walnuts are mainly exported to European and Middle East countries but their focus is on moving to Asia as well, while our industry is moving at snail’s pace. In J&K, we are not adopting international standards when it comes to grading, processing and packing.

Thirdly, due to lack of export oriented policies of the government, the exports have not grown much. Though, India shares 20 percent of the European market but there is intense competition from California, Mexico, Chile and China. However at domestic level, our main competitors are California and Chile. The unregulated imports, without quantitative restrictions from California and Chile has hit the local industry badly. So both the import and export policies need should the local walnut industry to avoid further losses. The central government should address the issue at a higher level. There should be an increase in the import duty of American walnut kernels especially. Entrepreneurs are not being encouraged to carry out this trade. On the contrary, due to the negative factors, many of them have left this trade and opted for other businesses. Some of them are even moving abroad for better opportunities.

Though the prevailing corruption in our state, political instability and several other factors are also equally responsible for the tepid industrial growth and sufferings of the people associated with this trade, I believe we could always do our part and what is within our control. It is really hoped that against all odds, we will be able to save the industry from further losses.

Kashmir’s walnut industry: Challenges and remedies.

Though there is increase in demand of Kashmir walnut in, both domestic and international markets, however, the production is decrasing every year.

Jammu and Kashmir is the major walnut producing state with production of around 2.66 lakh metric tonnes on 89,000 hectares of land and contributes to more than 98 percent of the total walnut production in India.

While processing of some of the produce happens in the state, majority is exported unprocessed. Our state contributes to about 98 percent of the walnut exports from the country. The major export destinations include France, Netherlands, UK, Germany, UAE and some other countries.

In the year 2015-2016, India exported 3,292mt to the world for the worth of Rs 117.92 crores while in 2016-2017 exports were 2191mt worth Rs 55.27 crores or $8.27 millions.

Being organic in nature (which is its USP), as no fertilisers or sparys are used on walnut plants and its yield, and high in nutrients with immense health benefits, Kashmiri walnut has seen growing demand and acceptability in the domestic and international market.

However, production is decreasing day-by-day. The purpose of this article is to highlight some major challenges J&K’s walnut industry is facing.

1. Field surveys and development of demonstrating walnut nurseries at Anantnag.

Of late department of Horticulture production department had taken a initiative to develop walnut nursery at Anantnag under the able guidance of CITH.
20 kanals of land had been developed as a demonstration intuitive to give basic idea of high density walnut plantation.
120 high density walnut trees stand developed at Brakpora,Anantnag during the year 2017 and this year few plants have started bearing fruit.

Firstly, there is increase in demand of Kashmir walnut in the domestic and international markets but the production is decrasing. There are many factors responsible for it. There is shortage of quality planting, poor orchard management and long gestation period. A typical walnut tree in Kashmir takes about 13-15 years to fetch the first crop. We really need to bring more areas under walnut cultivation with high yielding varieties. Sick orchards need to be rejuvenated. The need of the hour is to encourage fresh walnut plantation, on the pattern of the apple plantation. Farmers must be provided good quality grafted plants. We do not have orchards for specific varieties of walnuts. We have uneven yield for the crop and our produce is of variable size and quality due to which it is not competitive in the market. Techniques like grafting could give us a uniform type of walnut and contribute a lot to overcoming this problem but the farmers aren’t putting it to practice. There is lack of infrastructure like transport, power supply, roads, mandis and packaging and processing facilities. It is felt that modern grading and packing houses need to be established near the farms.

2.Assessment of damages due to climatic conditions.

Low density per unit area and climatic fluctuations are the main culprits responsible for low productivity.

Moreover, there have been complaints of pest attacks and diseases which has also affected the productivity. The government, especially the horticulture ministry has to play role in educating the farmers and equiping them with the latest technology and infrastructure. Agricuture university and other research institutes can really play a substantial role in the process. Farmers have to be provided technical assistance right from planting to harvesting. Irrigation facilities need to be provided sufficiently. Also, we need to develop cost effective technology for the purpose.

3 Impact of climatic change on production.

Due to climactic changes we also have impact on production of walnuts since early falling and damage to the mother tree affects the production.
Besides this the harvesting and the post harvest methods used by the farmers are primitive, resulting in reduced productivity and quality of the crop. Be it harvesting (please not that timely harvesting is important), washing, drying, storage, transportation, we severely lack the infrastructure needed to increase the productivity and quality at farm and industrial level. Primitive washing methods for example impacts the quality of kernels badly and there is breakage, which results in wastage. Moreover, there is lack of awareness when it comes to sanitary conditions for walnut handling. It is worth mentioning that reduced quality means reduced market value and less acceptance of the product in the market. Postharvest management and also the handling, processing and packaging has to be carried out in a scientific manner. It holds the same importance for the processors and packers at industrial level.

Let’s do a brief comparison with Californian and Chilean walnut industry. We must not forget that the California walnut industry is made up of over 4,000 walnut growers and 93 walnut handlers and processors, with highly sophisticated processing plants and technology and also efficient supply chain management, which favour them when it comes to marketing the product. Here in Kashmir, we lack the technology part and also have geographical disadvantage . So, to be in the competition, we have to take the required steps. Taking a look at Chiles walnut produce, the kernels have bright colour and are free of bitter taste, with long shelf life. There are more than 2000 walnut growers in Chile, having total plantation area of 40,000 hectares that is increasing by 2,500 hectares every year.

Production volume is also increasing by 15-20% annually. Currently Chilean walnuts are mainly exported to European and Middle East countries but their focus is on moving to Asia as well, while our industry is moving at snail’s pace. In J&K, we are not adopting international standards when it comes to grading, processing and packing.

Thirdly, due to lack of export oriented policies of the government, the exports have not grown much. Though, India shares 20 percent of the European market but there is intense competition from California, Mexico, Chile and China. However at domestic level, our main competitors are California and Chile. The unregulated imports, without quantitative restrictions from California and Chile has hit the local industry badly. So both the import and export policies need should the local walnut industry to avoid further losses. The central government should address the issue at a higher level.

There should be an increase in the import duty of American walnut kernels especially. Entrepreneurs are not being encouraged to carry out this trade. On the contrary, due to the negative factors, many of them have left this trade and opted for other businesses. Some of them are even moving abroad for better opportunities.

4.Impact of GST on walnut industry of Kashmir.

Before the implementation of GST walnut and almond were in zero percent tax slab under VAT.However under the present tax regime both the dry fruits were taxed.

At present walnut is charged 5% tax and Almond 12% under GST regime and growers are pressing hard to make 0% taxation on dry fruits.

5.Possible impact on farmers after introduction of GST.

More than 95% walnuts and 90% almonds are produced from Kashmir and as per the GST regime both commodities including walnut was first under 12% slab but later on brought down to 5% after strong resentment from walnut growers ,almond however remained at 12%..

Dry fruit trade is an unorganized sector in our state and the grower still faces the wrath.Most of the people involved in this trade are mostly illiterate and find it difficult to go through various GST related processes such as e.way billing etc.New tax regime has created mess for the trade.

Though the prevailing situation in our state, political instability and several other factors are also equally responsible for the tepid industrial growth and sufferings of the people associated with this trade, I believe we could always do our part and what is within our control. It is really hoped that against all odds, we will be able to save the industry from further losses.

Children of Destiny

Eid with TEARS.

Our celebration of Eid this time again is enveloped by turn of odd events which instead of leading us to #EidYards reach us to grave yards .

Instead of wearing colourful dresses ,we are content with black tops.

The colourful dishes mock at our faces and remind us the people who lost their dear ones to odd conflict.

Our near ones may be around , pulsing the palm and forehead of people who have nobody to feed them or accompany them disappears the very aroma of festival.

We either have to shoulder the coffins or visit grave yards to bury our own celebrations.

You write or not you are labelled a conspirator journo thus gun down .

We are now left with nothing but daily routine of losing innocent souls to conflicting environment

God has His way of treating us since we deserve to be marooned as our conscience had busted out of ceiling tops which is cause of our present status.

Anyways with a heavy heart let us proceed ahead and whipe the gloomy faces who have been muzzled by brute forces of our adversaries.

People always look to their festivals for rejoicing the Moments but in Kashmir it is reason of our agonies

The marooned race can not afford to go to Eid grounds to offer prayers since here again conspirators play rule and people rained with bullets.

People from all corners of the world visit people on Eid to offer pleasantries but we visit to offer condolences.

We have forgot to embrace county men after Eid prayers as do others since people look for shelter after prayers.

The invisible forces have now make it mission to disturb our religious activities and Friday prayers.

It is difficult to locate our enemy since they have worn on dress with our own identities.

Whom to catch hold and whom to set free tantamount to our real confusions

We have lost connection with our youth as conspirators have corrupted their mentalities

Skies oftentimes burst into tears to be on our side during our agonies.

Our race and new generation is in dangers and fail to get answer to our prayers.

The womb is in danger so is our life ,finding outlet confuses.

One day we may be called the generation of utter neglect and race of mourners

Let us prostrate fully and let skies intervene and shore us to peaceful banks.