A philanthropist by nature,a avid writer by character and blogger by condition

The census 2011-2013

The production and area under production in dachinipora zone for the years 2011-2013 is as under
Production. 2011-13
Block. Dry fruit MT Fresh ft MT
– Year. Year. Year. Year
——————————————————– Block 012. 013. 012. 013
Bijbehara. 937 1629 14696 43388
Dachpr 1474 7087 20713 22463
Sallar. 1338. 4540 9724 10385
Area under production 2011-13
Block Year. Year. Year. Year
012. 013. 012. 013
Bijbehara. 625 625 1837 1845
Dachpr 982_1089 2589 2520
Sallar. 892- 854 1212-1202
The data has been compiled by the Chief Horticulture officer,Anantnag as per the request of Assistant grading and marketing officer,Horticulture planning and marketing, J&K government, Dachinipora Zone,Anantnag.
We have calculated 12944 MT of fresh fruit which comes out 12944000 Kg s and when we turn them into quintals we get the end result of 129440 quintals of dry fruit after excluding minor #uantity of 312 MT of almond.
Now if we configure them into shelled and kernels we get 32360 quintals of walnut shells (25%) and leave behind 75% which is to be converted into kernels from 97080 quintals of walnut.

From 97080 quintals of walnut we get 3883200 kgs of kernells and when converted into quintals we are left with 38832 quintals of Kernels.

So for 2013 we have 32360 quintals of walnuts and 38832 quintals of kernels.
Khan Mukhtar

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Jammu and Kashmir state with rich source of agriculture has all along been the source of resources for employment and other ways of livelihood for the populace.

But of late the conversion of agriculture land into something which is not related with this activity has created lot of problems.

When we draw a portrate of agriculture in Jammu and Kashmir we get a dismal presentation and picture is gloomy.

Th economy of the state is largely agrarian with 70% of population defendant on it and about 49% of the working population engaged in it.

The food grain production of India during the year 2010-2011 is 24156 thousand tones while it is only 137.15 thousand tones for J&K reflecting a low share of .06 per cent. Here demand is high and locals have to depend on imports which comes about Rs 1600 crores to fill the deficit gape of 5 lakh metric tones.

The net irrigated area during the year 1981-82 was 3.04 lakh hecters and it went upto 3.71 lakh hecters in 2008-09 reflecting marginal increase during the last 3 decades.

The state fails to qualify for national food security mission(NFSM).

One more field which is showing some promising results is horticulture which accounts only for 13% of the net sqwn area but contributes 45% of the states agriculture GDP. Six lakh families comprising of 30 lakh people are directly or indirectly involved in horticulture.

The rich source of income can be obtained by way of foreign exchange the state has earned by way of exports to different parts of the country.
During the year 2005-06 the quantity of fruits exports was estimated at 5552.45 Mts with foreign exchange of Rs 115.95 crores while during the year 2010-11 the quantity of fruit exported is estimated to be 9615.55 and foreign exchange earned as Rs. 208.4 croes .

During the year 2004-05 the. Percentage change over the year 2010-11 reveals that there was increase of about 73% on account of quantity exported and about 80% increase in terms of foreign exchange.

The total production of apple in India is estimated at 2891 thousand Mts which comprises 1852.41 thousand Mts from J&K reflecting a major share of about 64%.

Further in the state the percentage change for the year 2010-11 over the year 2004-05 reveals that there has been significant change of about 37% in terms of area and 65% change in respect to production however the productivity has only an increase of 17% during this period.

France leads the table with an average productivity of about 43mt/ha followed by Italy with 38mt/ha brazil 33mt/ha USA wit 33mt/ha. The average productivity of apple in world has been estimated at about 15mt/ha however the average productivity of apple in J&K continues to be a great concern with about 10mt/ha.

The Kashmiri saffron is one more casualty in Kashmir because it got a step motherly treatment from the corridors of power and cultivated land got diversified into highways and residential colonies..

The saffron being the costliest spice of the world but in Kashmir it has got a special status as it is attached with the very ethos of the people.

The percentage change for the year 2009 over 1097 is terrible and shocking.
The data available from the state financial commissioner,srinagar reveals that the area has gone down to 31% while the production level has reduced to 47% and even productivity has declined to about 23% during this period.
The contribution of saffron in terms of gross state domestic product(GSDP) during the year 2004-05 was recorded at .025% while it is 0.013% for the year 2009-10 indicating its gradual slump.

Spain has the highest productivity levels of more than 8 kg/hectare followed by Italy with 7.5 kg/hectare while it is only 2.15 kg/hectare in our state(acta horti-739,2007)while as in Iran we have 4 kg/hectare of production. Against the world productivity of almost 4.80 kg/hectare our productivity level stands only half of it.

The apex organization in state like SKUAST(K) and central institute of temperate horticulture(CITH) have made commendable job through research development however there is a vast scope for further improvement to increase the production and productivity trends particularly in case of Apple and safron.

Strong measure need to be taken for further exploration of high yielding varieties,production of high quality planting material,canopy management,high density plantation,rejuvination technology and water harvesting. RKVY can change the very fate of agriculture scenario provided strong research and extension efforts are required.

Equal emphases needs to be given to crop husbandry as food security and diversification are indispensable in nature. Technologies developed through front line demonstration(FLDs) and on farm-trails(OFTs) needs to be disseminated through main extension system for the benefit of farmers at large to change the outlook of the farming community from traditional agriculture to diversified agriculture.

We need to undertake a pack of steps that can change it for better.

Khan Mukhtar

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kashmir The story of control.

The Kashmir,s torture trail,a documentary on Kashmir by the acclaimed BAFTA- winning film maker Mr Jezza Neumann was recently aired on channel 4 in the UK.

The hard hitting documentary follows a human rights lawyer probing how protesters were driven off the streets and peace imposed in one of the most heavily militarised places on earth.

The documentary highlighted the systematic human rights abuses in Kashmir. Uncovering a state-sanctioned torture program that has set India on a collision course with the international community.

The film exposes and maps a network of government run torture centers through which as the documentary says, as many as one in three Kashmiris have been hauled.

Filming as undercover in the valley is the reason as why Kashmir has remained one of the most under-reported conflicts on earth and there has always been attempts by a section of mainstream India media to discredit and sabotage any step in this direction to reach the voice of Kashmir to outside the world forums.

During the last 60 years whatever has happened in Kashmir has never been allowed to travel outside the valley lest the true face of Indian democracy may be seen by the outside inhabitants.

The voice the miserable conditions and the fate of inhabitants have always remained a mystery for all living outside as notion has always been created that everything is normal in Kashmir.

The unmarked graves the mysterious disappearances of innocent youths and the draconian laws have made the life of Kashmir a hell and whoever tried to raise voice is labeled as terrorist and killed in fake encounters.

The Indian security system has taken every inhuman steps to crush the voice of miserable people under the guise of law and order problems.
They can pickup anybody and keep him in confinement without trial under AFSPA(Armed forces special power act) for years together.

There are instances if illegal confinements throughout length and breadth of the state and fake encounters have became a routine matter.

The fake encounters have now turned into a industry because security forces use it as a tool to get promotions and monetary benefits from the government of India under the mission : fight against terrorism;.

Skies are watching and time will come when pot will get full up to brim by the tears of innocent Kashmiris and heavens will ultimately come to our rescue as we have none elsewhere to protect.

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The jaleel Andrabi Case

During the year 1996 human rights activist and a member of amnesty international was picked up by the Rashtriya rifles regiment under the command of Major Avtar but his body was found floating in the jhelum river a few days later after his arrest.

The main person responsible was non other than Major Avtar singh and it was even established by the local police.

The major in connivance with home ministry of India disappeared from Kashmir and was smuggled out of country to avoid rule of law.

The innocent soul of Jaleel Andrabi was bruised just few days later when he had returned from Geneva where he had addressed a UN session about human rights violations by India in Kashmir.

On the evening of March 8, 1996 Andrabi was driving home with his wife when he was stopped and taken away by army personnel who were apparently waiting for him.

Twenty days later police asked Andrabi,s younger brother to identify a body recovered from a jute sack in the jhelum river.. It was Andrabi, his hands tied behind his back,his eyes gouged out.

The special investigation team formed to investigate the case_ at the order of high court in Kashmir reported that everything pointed to Major Avtar singh of 25 Rashtriya Rifles unit as the person who had committed the murder. It was also found that in order to eliminate the trail,singh had murdered four Kashmiri counter insurgents who had witnessed the killing.

The home ministry and external affairs ministry played a active role to save singh just to avoid setting a precedent for Indian soldier accused of human rights violations to appear before the law.

There was inter pol alert for singh but he was never deported from the hiding- Selma ,California, USA.

The story to catch singh alive failed as on Saturday,9th,June 2012, the killer of Andrabi got killed his family of 4 including his wife and at the end of the bloody game killed himself. End of a Murderer.

Justice is still alluding an as the family members of Andrabi have an firm belief that Singh was not alone involved but the other people who master minded it are roaming free.

The Americans are pestering other countries to deport the people who have committed crimes back home but Safe passage of Avtar Singh in American speaks duel policy. He has been living a decent life and carrying his trucking business under the watchful eyes of over active American law enforcing agencies who catch anybody having Khan as surname.

It means that Americans were doing it to appease India who had smuggled him into American safe heavens after committing crimes in neglected land of Kashmir.

Let us wait for the real justice.

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Will the wind change?

Will the wind change,but will not change the way it changes on screen.

Normal is to jump from abnormal to normal course of action or from uncertainty to creativity but there are people who do the reverse.

They jump from certainty to uncertainty just to prove their metal.

The root of the basic problem will change only when root changes otherwise we are propagating same crop of deceit and uncertainty in our gardens of life or politics.

We must peg our problems the way we peg our tents,deep into the ground so that shade is given a chance to  secure us from scorching heat of miseries in our lives.

We need to sow our seeds, harvest depends upon the surroundings of change,leave the fruit to a variety of factors,some we can control,some we may not.

In this huge field of life or politics,you are like a farmer,but the harvest we get does not purely hang on the hard labour we invested in such activity.

We should never promise moon but earth then only your urge for change may materialise.

As well said promise in poetry,delivers in prose.

Pesticides and harmfulls


‘ High prevalence of neurological disorder among farmers using pesticides’

Alatest study by GMC has highlighted the risks associated with use of chemicals for farming in Kashmir

T he use of pesticides in orchards and farms in Kashmir is proving disastrous for human health. A latest study by Government Medical College ( GMC) Srinagar has revealed the colossal impact of long term exposure to organophosphate pesticides on farmers’ health in Kashmir. The study titled ‘ An association between organophosphate pesticides exposure and neurological disorders ( Parkinson’s syndrome and peripheral neuropathy) amongst people in an agricultural area in Kashmir’, has established a relationship between long term pesticide use and neurological conditions.

The researcher, Dr Muzzamil Ahmed Andrabi, under the guidance of Prof Parvaiz Ahmed Shah, compared patients aged 18 and above from district Shopian and Baramula, involved in significant agricultural and horticulture activity, against patients from Srinagar district, with almost no agriculture and horticulture activity. Over the period of two years of study, the researcher separated patients having more than five years of exposure to organophosphate pesticides, the most commonly used pesticides, insecticides in farms, homes and veterinary. These compounds work by damaging an enzyme acetylcholinesterase in body of pests, insects and ultimately humans. These compounds, commonly sold in powder or liquid forms for use in fields, orchards and homes, have a damaging effect on human nervous system, cardiovascular system and reproduction. It was found that 35.3 percent of cases ( patients from Shopian and Baramulla) had some kind of neurological manifestations of neuropathy. In a stark contrast, only 7.9 percent of the patients from Srinagar were found with these problems. Thus people with pesticide exposure were seen to be afflicted with neuropathy, four times more than their counterparts with no exposure. Neuropathy is a disease or dysfunction of one or

more peripheral nerves, with symptoms of numbness or weakness. The neurological manifestations included both sensory and motor disturbances with former being more common. It was also found that increase in the duration of exposure increased the likelihood of having neurological disorders. Moreover, the study also found that people with pesticide exposure had decreased conduction in motor as well as sensory nerve conduction.

“ The number of subjects with Parkinson’s syndrome was more in organophosphate pesticide- exposed group than non- exposed subjects but the relationship was statistically insignificant” the study states. “ Long term organophosphate pesticide exposure has a statistically significant association with clinical and nerve conduction study documented neuropathy. The severity of neurological manifestations increase proportionately with increased duration of organophosphate pesticide exposure,” the study concludes. A few years ago, a study carried out by Sher- e- Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences ( SKIMS) titled “ Pesticides and brain cancer linked in orchard farmers of Kashmir” had linked exposure to pesticides with increased incidence of brain cancers in Kashmir. The researcher, Dr A R Bhat had found

that 9 out of every 10 patients with brain tumors were orchard- farm workers, orchard residents and children playing in orchards and exposed to the high levels of multiple types of neurotoxic and carcinogenic ( chlorpyriphos, dimethoate, mancozeb and captan) chemicals for more than 10- 20 years. About 31.9 percent of these were younger than 40 years. The commonly used pesticides include chemicals like chlorpyriphos, mancozeb, captan, dimethoate, phosalone. According to a study, ‘ Pesticide consumption in India: a spatiotemporal analysis’, carried out at College of Horticulture,

Horticulture, Kerala Agriculture University, Jammu and Kashmir tops in the intensity of pesticides application with an average level of 2.337 kg/ ha followed by Punjab and Haryana. “ However, Punjab and Haryana have exhibited a declining trend in pesticide consumption,” the study notes. Pesticides find their way into human body through direct exposure while spraying, mostly through oral, nasal passages and eyes. These can also be absorbed through skin while spraying or handling pesticides. Pesticides also get into human body indirectly through contaminated water, edibles and environment. Many states in India have brought down their pesticide use with improved agriculture practices and modern methods of farming.

However, doctors in Kashmir feel that complacency towards pesticide exposure and lack of awareness about their side effects was a “ ticking time bomb” considering the wide ambit of diseases and conditions they cause in humans. Dr Andrabi said that in people with long term organophosphate exposure, it is important to check for neuropathy and other neurological disorders. “ Also, education and awareness for the same association is of paramount importance as it will help in early detection of these disorders, and timely intervention.”




IICCI, Root2Fruit sign MoU for transfer of European horticulture technology to Kashmir

GK NEWS NETWORK Srinagar, Apr 12: Indo- Italian Chamber of Commerce and Industry ( IICCI) and HN Agri Serve ( Root2Fruit) on Friday signed an MoU for the transfer of horticulture technology from European nations to Jammu and Kashmir.

According to a statement, IICCI will join hands with HN Agri Serve and VivaiF. lliZanzi, one of Italy’s oldest and major plant nurseries having established and developing a number of orchards worldwide, to work together to include Italian products, technology, expertise and know- how within the purview of the pilot project – “ Il Frutteto – The Italian Orchard in Kashmir” The agreement was signed at a major function at High Ground Anantnag where IICCI had a detailed interactive session with the apple growers. The event was attended by around 50 apple growers; IICCI was represented by Amar Joshi, Deputy Secretary General IICCI and Ricardo Zanzi from the Italian nursery major VivaiZanzi, Khalid Mushtaq, Head of Fruit Sciences at the SKUAST, and Abdul Ahad Sofi, chief scientist HN Agri Serve and former director CITH, Srinagar. HN Agri Serve founder Khuram Mir was also part of the proceedings.

The event also witnessed a formal opening of the highdensity apple plant nursery that Root2Fruit started a few years back. It is the first nursery of its kind in the state that will produce 3, 5 and 7 feather plants and is created to reduce the per plant costs, by producing the plants locally instead of importing them from Europe, the statement read.

Currently, the fresh highdensity plants are imported.

Besides, HN Agri Serve announced setting up of a cement pole manufacturing unit in Kashmir to produce cutting edge cement poles for high- density plantation.

This unit will have high- tech equipment from a leading manufacturer, Tecnocom Spa. The end product in the form of poles will be manufactured under the guidance of world- class cement pole manufacturer Spinazze, whose HN Agri Serve is an exclusive partner in J& K. The event saw the formal launch of a digital application by HN AgriServe, named as Root2Fruit App. It can be downloaded to the mobile phones and computers and would help the growers in orchard management and better grievance redressal.

Ricardo Zanzi who is an expert in nursery and orchard establishment gave a detailed presentation about VivaiZanzi, and said that VivaiZanzi wants to produce plants customised to Kashmir, based on its soil and climate. He said his company does not want to be a mere supplier only. He also trained the local apple growers on various aspects of the plantation of high- density apple trees, under the theme “ Train the Trainers”. Amar Joshi said that IICCI will work with people on the ground in Kashmir for increased outputs and quality, knowledge transfer and to push the government for farmer friendly policies. He said that under the signed MOU, the Italian experts would regularly visit Kashmir, interact with orchard owners and train them. In the long term, Joshi said, IICCI will attempt to collaborate with SKUAST and HN Agri Serve to tie- up with Italian universities for knowledge transfer and development of short term vocational courses.


From last more than 5 years I had the habit of writing articles on Horticulture,the way forward to a better marketing and allowing breathing space to our department to evolve into a relevant marketing way of solutions

Whether it has been my project on, Horticulture,challenges and remedies , impact of MIS on the marketing scenario of Apple  ,Walnut industry,challenges and remedies,inflow / Outflow mechanism at Qazigund,the role of national highway and  so on so forth but till date I had yet to find anybody in this department who could study such bit of information and thence explore ways and means to address our issues.

I had identified 5 kanals of land which growers of sopat ,Qazigund had donated free of cost for dev of Apni mandi,documents were prepared during 2017,revenue extracts vetted by revenue authorities,tittle verified but till date no decision has been taken by govt in this behalf.

No doubt case was forwarded to adm.dept by our office few months back.

Wherever I enquired about this case,our office was told to direct growers to approach administrative secretary for quick disposal which I found very confusing.

This was our job to get it sanctioned to give impression to growers that department works for their concern but we have issues  which need to be sorted out to remain relevant.

It is really our blessing that for the first time our director had desired to listen to basic constituents of this department for a suggestion as how our department can be rendered relevant in given marketing challenges in our state.

Let our officers first give viable suggestions, subordinates will follow suit and try their best to give suggestions as how our department can be revamped into a growers gold mine.

To add to it my project report on farmers weekly market was a step in such direction where main focus is how to secure the fate of growers who are all along being fleeced by traders / commission agents in traditional markets

The farmers weekly market is alternative to our huge network of mandies which have been turned into trade centres where neither marketing act is implemented nor any scope is left for safety of growers.

Commission is charged on the whimsical traits of traders and rules and acts of APMC are being compromised.

My project is self explanatory as how our department can be relevant,how those steps which have never been adopted by our department can revolutionise the newer marketing concept where growers are  allowed to sit at drivers seat.

Here things get delivery on collective basis  where there is role of farmer producer organisation (FPO) and farmer producer company (FPC) who take care of growers and farmers by providence of platform to sell their produce.

The appeal of this marketing channel  lie in the fact that there is no financial implication involved as compared to traditional markets / mandies.

More suggestions can be followed if my  project is studied and interest is shown by the government to introduce such type of marketing channels in state for small and marginal growers.

#This is a gist of presentation to be submitted to govt for revamping the marketing needs of our growers in J&K state.

Three persons,three notes and one subject.

First Umar Abdullah who wants to bring back sadre e riyasat  and Wazir e Azam back to J&K if elected,Amit shah who wants  revocation of Article 370 and win confidence of Indian voters and finally Syed Ali Shah Geelani,who repeats his call of election boyelcott again during current poles.

But popular uprisings of 2008,2010 and 2016 was expression of the potential consensus of Kashmir,s Muslim politics but these uprisings were followed by huge voter turnouts  at many places in Kashmir.

It seems we have mastered the art of not learning a lesson or two.

We have habit of bathing in the waters of incapacities and ideological idiosyncrasies.

What now  New Delhi has gone all out to bulldoze everything and everybody in Kashmir .

No doubt pro resistance leadership represents the true sentiments of masses but circumstances have chocked their space and mainstream groups have positioned themselves in same positions due to elections to motivate masses.

The irony is that world has changed but the pro resistance leadership seems trapped and stuck in its own net and not able to take any innovative decisions.

The argument that participating in elections means accepting Indian,s  stand on Kashmir,since most of our resistant leaders have way back participated in such elections .

Let resistant leaders understand as who gets benefited by their boycott call and who helps whom.

Everybody loves to take a pledge to improve his/ her  life status along with that of others.

Someone takes a pledge to donate eyes to allow blind to see the beauty of life,

someone pledges heart to allow someone to beat for a  successfully crafted life,

Someone pledge  limbs to allow people to walk the roads of life .

But there are still  other fields where pledging   can have  different meanings for different people.

Education / Health care are  among few sectors  where pledging can have rewarding results for students,teachers,patients,doctors,paramedics and society at large.

I take this opportunity to remind all that we as individualists identities  take pledge to improve the standards of education/ health care and other fields if we really make our minds to cook pledges for the welfare of society.

So let us all take a pledge that we will travel extra mile to make our students /patients /individuals and all who soever we come into contact with comfortable and happy.

Let education / medical care get  priority ,make a pledge to make our system of teaching /healthcare innovative,make a pledge to further awake our conscience to turn our schools/ hospitals into seats of excellence , make a pledge to treat our schools/ hospitals second home to doll out finer points of education/ healing touch among our students/ patients ,make a pledge to treat students / patients  our own and plan accordingly what is good for them the way we do for our own family /children back home.

Last but not the least let us also make a pledge that we will reach school/ hospitals before time before anybody could ring the bell of punctuality on us.

Let pledges get fully pledged to derive good and rewarding results.

Rest depends on us whether we carry sincerity along with in fulfilling our  pledges or we are doing it just to celebrate pledge day and punctuality day in our shattered schemes of things.

Hope Gazalsblog  had her own priorities to celebrate pledge and punctual day in her schools with innovations of different sorts